Migrants and Asylum Seekers in Italy
Among these migrations there are some that are illegal and this can be attributed to rise in the number of human smugglers. The problem of human smugglers has been on many countries’ radar since it not only contributes to illegal immigrations but also risks the lives of the immigrants. For example, entry to Europe has raised concerns since most of the migrations take place through the Mediterranean Sea without proper means hence risking the lives of these immigrants. The UNHCR reports reveal that approximately 3000 immigrants have died or got lost in the Mediterranean in 2014. This are relatively high numbers especially considering that the year has not even ended yet hence there may be more fatalities. However, amid these increased immigrations there are some countries that are affected more seemingly due to their strategic position in reference to the Mediterranean. For instance Italy has received more migrants and asylum seekers than most of the other countries in Europe. As such it is arguably more favorable to take keen focus on the immigration trends in Italy.
Reports by UNHCR showed that there were about 140000 new arrivals in Italy in 2014 via the route of Mediterranean. These are relatively high numbers of immigrations and in such scenario there are high chances of having an increase in numbers of asylum seekers. Asylum seekers are self-proclaimed refugees who are yet to be definitively evaluated. Most of the immigrants into Italy mainly come from Eritrea, Somalia, and Afghanistan.