93). On the other hand, the European Union Parliament (herein refered to as the EU Parliament), is the only body of the EU that is directly elected. Its key role is representing the citizens of member states of the European Union. It consists of 751 MEPs (Members of the European Parliament) elected once in every five years from the 28 member states. It also has eight political groups and 22 committees (Van der Laan 2009, p. 93). Although the two parliaments mainly legislate within their jurisdictions and check the work of their governments, they are not exactly comparable. With particular attention to their ability to hold the Executive to account, their powers, structure and composition, this paper will critically discuss the role and function of the EU and UK Parliaments.
The foundations of the European Parliament, Council of Ministers, Commission and European Court of Justice were laid by the Coal and Steel Treaty, which is still the underlying institutional architecture of the present-day EU. The developing of the EU can be traced back to the 1951 Treaty of Paris and continuing through 1957 Treaty of Rome; 1967 merger of EEC, EURATOM and ECSC to form the European community; the 1987 Single European Act; the 1992 Treaty of the EU; the 1997 Treaty of Amsterdam; the 2001 and 2003 treaties of Nice; and finally the 2007 and 2009 treaties of Lisbon (Hix, Noury & Roland 2007, p. 83). With eight political groups, the seats of the EU Parliament are allocated basing on an adjusted population, with the highest being Germany at 99 and the lowest Malta at five. With the power to scrutinise the executive arm of government, the EU Parliament is able to initiate its resignation and approves budgets. On the other hand, the UK Government can be traced back to 1066King William defeated King Harold at the Hastings battle. Later, in 1265, Simon de Montfort Parliament, which consisted of Town Burgesses, Bishops, Knights of Shire, Abbots and