One, there is a need for these major economies to impose enormous economic sanctions and lack of cooperation to ensure these countries doesn’t run smoothly, and these go a long way in minimizing some of this dictatorial leadership. For instance, they could be by avoiding their export and importing to them. United States and China could otherwise pursue a more but stern approach. This can be through the assistance of the United Nations to develop policies to be adopted by these countries and if possible change the leadership through fair and transparent election conducted by United Nations. This can start with diplomacy and bilateral dialogue amongst them.
The fundamental root of the production of extremism and even violation of human rights by various leadership lies in a culture of oppressive political exclusion, added with religious bigotry, changing the political culture particularly by the United States would involve laying radical reforms and staring the country to a democratic culture that again would mean change of leadership even if it means use of military by help of United Nation Security Council. Change of leadership in many of such countries is seen more often than not as a new dawn especially through a fair democratic process (Song,