Ethical egoism relate to selfishness since it focuses on people who are self-centered. These people think of themselves before they take any action of assisting others. They focus on the result if it favors their cause of action or not. It is also true to say that those people who are willing to help must think of themselves in whichever way.
Such people are always cautious; it is always their wish not to harm other people. These kinds of people are very honest since they always thrive to avoid lying. They really value a good reputation and that is why they will always ensure that they maintain it. On the other hand, these people seek to gain trust from other people as much as they need to trust other people. They also ensure that they keep promises once they commit themselves, for this reason they continue keeping the mutual relationship that existed with their friends. There is human being who does not love and appreciate him or herself. This theory provides that people need to love and appreciate themselves before they can get to assist other people. This love for oneself helps to boost the self-confidence and esteem. It portrays how people always love to be on the winning side.
On the other hand, Altruism describes people who are willing to go an extra mile to help other people. Although it is widely believed that human beings have the self-interest recent studies has contradicted this fact by arguing that human beings tend to cooperate before they compete. It is through this cooperation and the helping nature of human beings that has made it possible for the people to survive. Indeed, altruism is a fundamental aspect of social instincts. Apparently, although human beings are not entirely altruistic, they have a tendency of feeling compassion to the needy. It is always a challenge to find the better side of human beings (Christians, 2009).
The reasons that suggest why we should practice altruism evidently provide the reason why altruism is as result of