The state department uses the security strategy to obtain the resources required to enhance security nationally and internationally.
The pentagon is also effective in formulating national security policy. More recently, the Pentagon has concentrated on the climate change aspect of national security, in additional to the enhanced risks associated with terrorism, food scarcity, international poverty and infectious diseases (Roger & Harvey 133). The policy also forecasts the increasing need for military disaster responses during the cases of extreme weather that enhances the level of international humanitarian crises. The personal strategy illustrates the strategy adapted by the military to address security challenges like; rising sea levels, increased violent storms, and enhanced droughts. The defense department initiates strategies for mitigating climate change risks in all operational areas; for example, military planning processes.
The White House spearheads the National Security Council (NSC) in foreign and also security policy areas. The NSC comprises the President and other key cabinet members and security officials. The main responsibility of the NSC is to give advice to the president in the areas of foreign policies and also national security policies. The president also coordinates the policies in various agencies through the NSC. The NSC was initiated through the National Security Act (1947). In the reorganization plan of 1949, the NSC was initiated under the Executive Office.
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) was initiated through the National Security Act (1947). The Director of the Central Intelligence is the leader of the intelligence community. He/she is responsible for advising the president on national security intelligence. CIA addresses security policy issue through several concepts. The agency develops several multidisciplinary centers that tackle high priority areas like