This paper gives a report of the analysis of data on government ownership of banks in different countries worldwide. The data will be analyzed using STATA and represented using tables and graphs.
In order to establish the government ownership of banks in a country, it is first important to identify the countries to be considered as the sample. Data for 49 countries was collected for analysis ranging from well-developed countries to developing countries. Following to La Porta, Lopex de Silanes, and Schleifer (2002) procedure, ten largest banks should be identified and ownership of its securities by public and private sector established. Then the percentage of government ownership of shares can be calculated by multiplying each shareholder’s stake in that bank by the government’s share and summing the results for the ten banks (Volberda & Elfring, 2001).
In the dataset, there are three variables measuring various levels of government bank ownership at 20 percent, 50 percent, and 90 percent. The three variables are gb20_c, gb50_g and gb90_g respectively. From the analysis of the three variables, it was established that the correlation of gb20_c and gb50_g is 0.9283, the correlation of the variable gb20_c and gb90_g is 0.7814, and the correlation of the variable gb50_g and gb90_g is 0.8634. It can, therefore, be established that there is a strong positive correlation amongst the three variables. The positive and higher than 0.5 correlation coefficient value shows a strong correlation. If the values could have been lower than 0.5, the correlation could have been said to be weak. The table below shows the correlation amongst the three variables
It is agreeable that government ownership of banks can be linked with a variety of political and economic problems. This can be established from Lopex de Silanes, and Schleifer (2002) publication. By analyzing the rule of law index (rulav_ic) in consideration to property rights (prop_hf9)