istant others live in a different continent and time zone, yet electronic communications have rendered the differences of time and space insignificant. We have become more interdependent and the contemporary world can best be referred to asa global village or a shrinking world (Held and McGrew 2003, 3).
If modernity was about the power of the nation state and the legitimization of the state action through traditional democracy, then globalisation would clearly have a significant impact but probably not in the contemplated way. Globalisation is usually associated with the decline of the nation state and the rise of pan national government, international organisations like the World Bank, UN and some of the most powerful TNC’s. Yet for Heldalthough state sovereignty has waned and their freedom to act has also declined in the face of globalisation, yet they have also seen resurgence. Problems associated with globalisation such as damage to the environment, overpopulation and migration have all been addressed by different nations.
Revision Aid: Two way argument that nation states are in decline because of globalisation and pan national government but also that states are resurgent because they attempt to rise to the challenges presented by globalisation.
Furthermore, in terms of democracy, the bureaucracy flourishes through the networks of ICT. Notions of infocracy and the transparent citizenship come into being as more and more personal information is held about us. This has consequences for democracy as we are encouraged to participate through Held’s plebiscitary democracy by channelling our wants and preferences to government through ICT. One might argue that such a process might as well develop a sense in us as to where we may pass on such inputs to the pan national organisations (Dijk 2000, 11).
Revision aid: as governments make greater use of ICT, so they collect more information about us but we may also have greater opportunities to communicate political