Pandemics have detrimental effects on the affected country and the world at large as they interfere with operations in all sectors of life including social, economic, and political. Moreover, these epidemics normally spread faster that wild fires thus affecting several people and posing a threat of higher magnitude. Thus, there have been concerns as to whether the international community can deal with these epidemics by controlling the spread, treating the affected, and eliminating the diseases. Some people argue that the international community is not adequately prepared to manage the pandemics effectively; on the contrary, the international community has the capacity and resources.
Firstly, addressing the global health pandemics has been at the top of priorities of the international community. Making pandemics a priority shows the preparedness of the international community to address deadly diseases. According to the U.S National Security Strategy 2006, SARS, HIV/AIDS, avian influenza, anthrax letters, Sarin gas, and extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis pose the greatest threats in global health issues. Thus, the international community is working tirelessly to predict, prevent, and mitigate the risks within the available resources for the world to be a safe place. According to the National Security Strategy for the United Kingdom 2008, pandemics grow rapidly and cause global health consequences. Pandemics could also lead to economic and social disruption and damage. The influenza pandemic between, 1918 and 1919 caused an estimated 20-40 million deaths while the swine flu in 2007 resulted in 457 deaths in Britain alone. This clearly shows the great threat that health pandemics pose globally, as well as the seriousness of the international community towards dealing with this issue.
Due to the great threats posed by these pandemics, various