This later resulted in an intergroup conflict and afterwards, an interstate war. However, the war ended in 1949 after Israel signed a peace treaty with four Arab states that included Egypt, Syria, Lebanon and Jordan (Nets-Zehgnut 108). Conversely, the Palestinians were not part of the peace treaty signed in 1949. Most of them fled their homes and became refugees in other Arab states. Due to the hostile relationship between a number of Arab states and Israel, conflicts have continued to emerge because of the perceived Israeli occupation of Arab land. As a way of fighting for their rights, the Palestinians formed PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization) after the first intifada. Since then, numerous peace negotiations have taken place to resolve the Arab/Israeli conflict. However, on the other hand, both sides have continued to derail the peace process (Nets-Zehgnut 115). This paper examines why the Arab/ Israel peace process has been elusive.
Among the reasons why the Arab/Israeli peace has been elusive is because both sides are not ready to cede ground and hold defiant positions. The lack of compromises by both sides has continued to derail peace process because both sides consider their claims as genuine. Israel, for instance, is not ready to give up the territories claimed by the Palestine. As a result, Palestine is also setting conditions for peace negotiations that Israel continues to reject from time to time. The peace process has also been elusive because, rather than embrace a diplomatic process, one side is resorting to violence in the pretext of fighting for a just cause. In such an environment, both sides have turned aggressive, and no one is willing to come to the negotiating table to make compromises as a way forward to finding a lasting solution to the Arab/Israeli conflict (Slater 178).
Further, while the State of Israel wants other Arab states to recognize its