On the one hand, Stalin as Soviet ruler tried his best to control more territories within the borders of his huge country through the supporting of Communism there. In fact, we know that countries like Poland and Hungary joined Soviet camp after these actions. On another hand, Truman’s doctrine and Marshall’s plan appeared in response to these actions from Soviet people. In particular, these Americans created thinking of Soviet expansion as the threat for USA. As a result of these misunderstandings between Soviet and American leaders, we deal with Cold War.
Secondly, Waltz stresses on the differences between states as the background of conflict in the world. In fact, he distinguishes “good” and “bad” states, based on their willingness to break the global peace. In context of the Cold War, Truman’s doctrine openly discussed the necessity to involve in domestic affairs of foreign countries. In other words, USA appeared as the “bad state,” because it wanted the conflict to start. However, Soviet Union had the same intention but did not show it openly. In particular, Soviet leaders considered democratic USA as ideological “bad state” based on capitalism in contrast to “good” communism. This ideological struggle led to the appearance of the Cold War.
Finally, Waltz concentrates on anarchy within international relations as the source of war. In this part, he considers both individual and state behavior as an outcome of prevailing logic of thinking about the world. Because of this, establishment of any international institutions to manage global conflicts will never be successful. Since states are rational and use their own interest to guide their behavior in international system, the appearance of the Cold War was inevitable. In 1945, both Soviet Union and USA had an interest to become the world leader after