As the report declares the differences in the two approaches are more in the attitudes and systems. Locke believed that education helped civilize the human force and that people do good so that they get real lives. He sees civilization as admirable, and that societal order lies on reason and reciprocity. Rousseau’s theory asserts that humans are innately good, and civilization does not play a part in the way humans do things.
From the report findings it is clear that France is a semi-presidential republic while America is a presidential, federal republic. The French system has their president elected after every five years on popular vote. In America, they elect their president after every four years through the Electoral College. As it is the norm in many countries, the American president signs bills into law while in France, he/she does not sign bills to make them laws. The president only announces the new legislation. In France, the president is the commander in chief of the armed forces just as the American president. There are several similarities between the two institutions. Both can grant pardons and give appointments. The French president appoints most officials and the PM, but his powers are limited when it comes to dismissing him. In America, the president does executive appointments. The French head of state can dissolve the National Assembly the same as America.