In spite of this, the Russia remains one of the main greenhouse gas emitters globally.
In Kyoto-1 protocol, Russia’s target for minimizing emissions meant indeed not exceeding a certain emissions level rather than real emissions minimizations, since the goal was distinct in relation to 1990 pre-collapse year. In Kyoto-2 protocol, Russia did not sign due to perceptions concerning its ineffectiveness in answering the climate change issue and the need to emphasize on a new comprehensive agreement applicable to every major emitters (particularly the US and China).
With the U.S. and China playing the leading role in the climate-change summits and India and Brazil playing an active role, Russia will be the biggest polluter and the only key power not assisting to solve the climate crisis. Then, at the preliminary climate talks round in Copenhagen, Russia gave an even more unsatisfactory message. The countrys delegation head, Mikhail Zelikhanov, who is a parliamentary deputy of then Prime Minister Valdimir Putins URP, questioned the basic principle of the struggle against climate change claiming that scientific circles within Russia and elsewhere do not have a joint opinion on the global warming causes2. Zelikhanov told the lawmakers group from 16 nations in the Danish parliament hall. He suggested that a global panel be created to find out if global warming was being instigated by human activities and if it could be averted by cutting pollution.
Domestically, climate change has certainly not received appropriate attention at policy level in Russia due to: the marginalized environmental issues status in general; the substantial role of fossil energies in its economy; inadequate knowledge and often ordinary ignorance about the climate change science and available climate policy opportunities; and a firm, although unfounded, conviction that climate change if anything can bring only benefits. Although Russia has embraced a series of