The problems that farmers face are typically the same irrespective of the size of the producer. The most familiar and universal challenge to this crop is the weather. Weather causes some fungal, pests and borer beetle diseases to this plant. The eventual risk by disease is the frequent rust. The presence of rain gives the farmers a complete disaster during the time of harvesting (OUP, 2001).
Sound Quality of the product is measured on how it was dried. As the presence of the torrential rains during rainy seasons, it makes it harder for the producers to dry their coffee. The rising of the moisture above 12 percent is another threat to the product and may lead to rejection when it comes to marketing. As the result of this, many wastes are witnessed and in the process, the farmer is one going at losing (Fairtrade Foundation, 2011). The speeding of the drying process results from the fact that most farmers especially small scale, lack enough funds to hire people who will pick the product from the farm.
In some divisions of the world such as in Central America, it experiences too much sun during the season of harvest and raises the temperature beyond the standard needed by the buyer. Quality and longevity of coffee is affected because the area that they use to dry it lacks even airflow. When coffee is picked from the farm, it undergoes the process of washing. When weather becomes too dry during harvesting, it makes water scarce and complicates the entire process of washing (Collier, 2010).
Another problem that farmer encounter is the shortage of labor. To stages of coffee farming, it is labor intensive. Even the when a breakdown of the total production cost is done, more than 50 percent goes to the labor charges. Lack of proper knowledge by farmers is another challenge that producers face (DFID, 2004). From generations to generations, coffee farming had been a tradition that was being practiced it was affected when