The federal laws prohibits insider trading and provides for establishment of audit committees that ensure accuracy of the audited financial statements (Savas, 2005). The latest efforts of governance at the federal level is the Sarbanes-Oxley Act that sets a code of conduct for senior financial officers and outlines director responsibilities thus creating more transparency in public corporations. The federal level has guidelines for service contracting in government agencies and the objective is to ensure the public interest is safeguarded and public goods and services are provided more efficiently and effectively (LeRoux, 2007).
The changing role of public management in serving the public interest is characterized by need to ensure accountability, justice, and consultations with the public while respecting the rights and security of citizens as guaranteed in a democratic society (LeRoux, 2007). The federal government is supposed to provide the regulatory framework that safeguards public interest in corporate organizations through external regulation and internal structures that safeguard against illegal and unethical practices such as corruption or money laundering (LeRoux, 2007).
There are alternative ways that private and non-profit sectors are engaged in delivering public service such as empowering citizens and minimizing the impacts of market externalities such as pollution. The private sector can deliver public service through corporate social responsibilities that aim at enhancing the standards of living of surrounding communities such as building schools while the non-profit sector can deliver public service through advocacy and education programs that aim at minimizing the waste of natural resources and conservation of the environment (LeRoux, 2007).
The public-private partnerships can be formed in order to deliver essential public services such as infrastructure and health