Three years after the Arab Spring, the countries that experienced the revolts are still struggling to become stable and peaceful democracies (Rózsa 17). The Arab world is now experiencing rebellions that have toppled the new regimes and lacks democratic institutions. Apparently, Islam that is the dominant force in the Middle East cannot embrace democracy that dilutes the democratization hopes of the Arab Spring.
After the Arab Spring, the Syrian government is now using crude weapons against the unarmed pro-democracy protestors and militarized non-state actors like Hezbollah are now taking charge in the Syrian conflict that depicts instability in the nation. The uprisings have led to a civil war between Assad loyalist and opposition forces (Rózsa 1). Moreover, Sunni and Shia Muslim groups have heightened tension in Bahrain while the Assad regime is guilty of crimes against humanity depicting the destabilized social identities and states (Hashemi 1). In Tunisia, the revolts overthrew the Ben Ali regime leading to elections that passed power to Ennahda Islamist party. However, in 2013, protests sparked again allowing independent technocrats to cease power from the Ennahda coalition government leading the passage of a new constitution that spelled new and presidential elections (Schwartz 1). These events manifest the political instability in Tunisia after the Arab Spring.
In Egypt, the revolts forced President Hosni Mubarak to resign in 2011, and Muslim Brotherhood and Mohammed Morsi of the Muslim Brotherhood assumed power in 2012 after winning the presidential and parliamentary elections respectively (Schwartz 1). However, this did not guarantee the democratization of Egypt since the Islamist-dominated constituent assembly drafted a constitution in the same year against President Mohammed Morsi, who was equally facing protests.
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In the paper “Adverse Effects of the Arab Spring” the author examines the Arab Spring, which relates to the democratic revolts that started in Tunisia in 2010 and spread across many Middle East countries. The Arab Spring changed the political landscape of the Middle East…
Durac is of the opinion that long-standing regime of Ali Abdullah al-Salih of Yemen represented a classic case of authoritarian upgrading. The Yemen’s political system masked the extent to which the president exerted control through a network of informal alliances and, in recent years, external support and patronage.
Everyday we enjoy the right to speak our mind, to worship any Gods or gods we wanted to, to publish ideas that are even in disagreement to other people, to educate ourselves, to chose our leaders, to demand good governance and yes, to even freely criticize, protest our government and its officials.
The spring has swept over the entire region and even countries like Morocco that have not witnessed serious uprisings had to negotiate and come to a compromise before normalcy was restored. Tunisia, Libya, Algeria, Egypt, Syria and Yemen have not had stable governments with a period stretching back to a few years ago.
The author states that these events started taking place in Tunisia and they spread through Egypt, Yemen, Libya, Bahrain, and currently, they are happening in Syria. The Arab Spring has seen the fall of several autocratic regimes whose toppling has surprised many in the world. The Arab Spring brought with it many positive outcomes.
He also said the Arab Spring impact on the Middle East. He divided his topic for eight sections; he said each country in one separate paragraph. Starting with what happened in Tunisia, ending by Jordan.
This article is about understanding todays undergraduate college
The world particularly the West watched as pro-democracy protesters rose across the Middle East and North Africa, and massive deaths reported. The Arab Spring of 2011 is commonly viewed today as one of the famous historical moments of political revolutions. However, the causes of the revolt have been a subject of considerable debate.
The term ‘Arab spring’ got coined to call these revolutionary events which were meant to usher a bright future for the nations where it took place and the regions at large.
The ‘Arab spring’ was meant to bring peace,
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