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Is the liberal welfare model becoming the dominant model in Europe - Essay Example

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Is the liberal welfare model becoming the dominant model in Europe

The liberal welfare model allows or requires the State to play a small but significant role in upholding the demands of the society, in different cases where civil society is not empowered to look after its own needs and push for improved services from different providers. As such, the state is required to provide benefits and concerns about work incentives receive plenty of attention, while the others are just supporting features of the model in service provision from the government since civil society takes care of the rest. As a result, European countries are tending to focus a lot on the liberal model of social welfare, but it cannot receive full favour by Europe in its entirety, which brings out the goal of this essay in assessing how dominant the model is with evidence from different nations within Europe and how the model is applied. This is especially in defining the role of the government and the people in each country towards adopting this model or its lack of dominance. There is also evidence pointing to a dominant shift away liberal welfare models considering the history of the model, whereby it is part of the oldest models based on the socialist analysis of capitalist societies. A critical evaluation of Britain indicates a shift whereby the Universalist model has taken its place and this proves that liberalism suffers from severe side lining in that there were laws passed in 20th century that eliminated the role of the government in welfare models. These includes the cradle to the grave, which refers to the Old Age Pension Act of 1908, where these two marked a decline of the liberal model in that the government was meant to take over the running of social welfare from the taxes that the people remitted to it (Kemppainen 2012, p.13). This is not just limited to Britain, but also evaluates into Belgium, France, and the Netherlands; where similar changes took place in the past, making sure that Universalist model took over in place of a liberal model (Andersen 2004, p.745). This is considering that modernisation was still in progress and the markets were being too liberalised; hence, the liberal model posed a threat to the people, as seen in the case of Scandinavia. In this case, the liberal model is not at work owing to the fact that welfare arrangements are person’s right, which is not the case in liberal models, since the liberal model serves as an intervention for the failure of civil society and the market in providing welfare services (Andersen 2004, p.745). Consequently, focus on liberal models is not as common due to the lack of integration in individual rights and a central collecting authority. A further look at the liberal models reveals that countries such as those in western Europe provide low level of care services to families whose implication is that rights are not followed due to de-commodification of citizen’s needs. In this perspective, it is evident that the application of the liberal system in western European countries is a capitalist move, which makes the system non-dominant, but more of a Universalist integrated into the liberal model. In addition, the liberal model of welfare is not taking root in Europe due to a number of other aspects that direct attention to Germany and its ways, especially its philosophical ideologies. Therefore, the ideologies that the liberalist model stands for are more of communist styled beliefs that are conservative; and most of Europe is turning or has already turned to full time capitalism, with civil society playing ...Show more
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Summary

Liberal Welfare Models Liberal welfare models are becoming more dominant in Europe as compared to other models such as the corporatist and the Universalist model where the difference of each is determined by the emphasis to which they give different social aspects…
Is the liberal welfare model becoming the dominant model in Europe
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