He or she presents the decisions of the local citizens in front of the other ministers of the government so as to make it effective in due course of time. Therefore, the prime objective of democracy is to maintain liberty, equality and fraternity among all the members of the group or country. Only then, it might surely become a democratic state that means the government of the people, for the people and by the people (Katz & Crotty, 2006, p. 18).
This essay mainly highlights the effectiveness of a democratic party and the usefulness of having free elections, political parties and pressure groups. But it may be possible only if proper law and order might be maintained within the country or state (Katz & Crotty, 2006, p. 19).
It is a group comprising of numerous individuals striving for a common cause but all supports the set of common governmental goals. It may be 2 or 3 or many party system. However in a party, people are the representatives always desiring to create equality and fraternity in a country to maintain peace and order. But, in the most imperative thing that need to be maintained is the rules and regulations of the government like: equal speaking power of the citizens, voting rights, rights of all basic needs etc (Hofmeister & Grabow, 2011, p. 4). Apart from political party, another type of group that also works for the benefit of general public is pressure groups. In recent age, maximum extent of the citizens do not try to engage in politics through voting and so without joining the political parties, they become politically active through their active membership in groups, organizations and associations of varied kinds. These type of parties are also known as pressure groups (Hofmeister & Grabow, 2011, p. 5). Nature of parties or pressure groups The parties or groups are some sort of permanent organizations that help in contesting elections with the aim to acquire the crucial positions in the government of the state. These small fractions of individuals or groups work for a common cause keeping at par with the rules and regulations of the state. Thus, these parties act as a device to highlight the desire or interest of the citizens among the higher authorities of the state or country (Hofmeister & Grabow, 2011, p. 6). Characteristics of a party or group The prime characteristics of party or a group is that the individual fights mainly for a common cause. Apart from this, another imperative characteristic of a group is that the maximum extent of the individuals of a specific group tries to follow the orders of the leader so as to attain the common objective or benefit. Due to which, the level of motivation and loyalty within the members of the group are