StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

How is under-determination (UD) handled in the scientific article - Essay Example

Nobody downloaded yet

Extract of sample
How is under-determination (UD) handled in the scientific article

As once stated, a theory can only be considered as evidence if it is tested in groups, and not in isolation. Basically, under-determination is a result of two rival theories, in which neither has enough evidence to out-do the other. It, therefore, follows that the lack of certainty about a phenomenon could lead to people believing various theories, so long as these theories have evidence. In the end, people are left with questionable conclusions about the said phenomenon. In addition, strong under-determination holds that if two theories have the same observable consequence, then a person cannot distinguish between the two. Introduction According to Callaghan, Allebeck & Sidorchuk , cannabis, popularly known as marijuana,is listed as the most widely used illegal drug in the world today (1811). Marijuana, like tobacco contains a lot of carcinogens which public health experts say increase the risk of contracting cancer. Additionally, health experts point out that the kind of smoke produced by marijuana is more toxic since it tends tocondense and mutate, thus making its effects more lethal than those of tobacco. To prove that there exists a direct link between marijuana smoking and elevated risk of lung cancer, a study was conducted between 1969 and 2009 (Callaghan, Allebeck &Sidorchuk 1812). In this study, 49, 321 Swedish young males, between 18-20 years, were observed for forty years to determine whether marijuana does really cause lung cancer (Callaghan, Allebeck &Sidorchuk 1812). The results of the study would shed light on whether smoking of marijuana increases the chances of contracting cancer, or it is just a belief. Accordingly, the results are containedin an article written by Callaghan, Allebeck &Sidorchuk which draws the conclusion that marijuana smoking might increase the chances of contacting lung cancer. InCallaghan, Allebeck &Sidorchuk’s article on the correlation between smoking marijuana and contracting lung cancer, however, under-determination is evident (1811). Some of the results of the study appear to suggest that there is a positive correlation between smoking marijuana and increased chances of contracting lung cancer; while other results tend to show that there the evidence presented is not enough to warrant such a conclusion. However, the under-determination contained in this article is not unusual considering that several other studies have failed in coming up with a completely convincing conclusion. As Callaghan, Allebeck &Sidorchuk write, there have been numerous studies on the association between marijuana smoking and lung cancer development, although some studies found no association while others have established a link (1812). Callaghan, Allebeck &Sidorchuk state that the concern on whether marijuana smoking increases the risk of lung cancer has several lines of evidence (1811). One of the theories used as evidence purports that since tobacco smoking is the chief cause of lung cancer and sincemarijuana contains the same carcinogens as tobacco; the latter could also be a major cause of lung cancer. However, there is no evidence in the article to support these claims and as such, this just remains a hypothesis that needs strong empirical evidence. The fact that two items have similar content does not mean that they deliver the same results, unless such a claim is supported by very strong ...Show more
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“How is under-determination (UD) handled in the scientific article Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/sociology/104682-how-is-under-determination-ud-handled-in-the
(How Is Under-Determination (UD) Handled in the Scientific Article Essay)
https://studentshare.net/sociology/104682-how-is-under-determination-ud-handled-in-the.
“How Is Under-Determination (UD) Handled in the Scientific Article Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/sociology/104682-how-is-under-determination-ud-handled-in-the.
  • Cited: 0 times

Summary

no Date The role of marijuana smoking in elevating the risk of lung cancer Thesis Under-determination refers to a scenario in which the evidence supplied to support a certain belief, is insufficient to warrant a conviction. Fundamentally, this means that the available data is insufficient to permit a person to make a decision between two rival theories…
How is under-determination (UD) handled in the scientific article
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"How is under-determination (UD) handled in the scientific article"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

Summary of a scientific article
Native species of grass is being displaced by several weeds and this is very harmful for the people. The article sheds light upon how Avena barbata which is a weed or slender wild oat displaces native grass in California. Other weeds such as Bromus diandrus and Hordeum murinum are also responsible for displacing native grass in California, it is a great cause of concern and the article addresses the same issues.
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Undersea Release of Methane Is Under Way Article Critique
The article “Study Says Undersea Release of Methane Is Under Way” has been written by Cornelia Dean. It was published in the science section of The New York Times on 4 March 2010. The article is directed for climate experts who are analyzing the changes in the current global climatic patterns.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Price Determination under a Freely Operating Market System
Market can be considered as an environment which helps in the determination of the goods that are sold in the market. The functioning of this phenomenon takes place with the help of a system which is known as the market economy. Hence market economy can be defined as a particular system where balancing of demand and supply takes place through the pricing mechanism.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Scientific Method Tracing In A Diabetes Scientific Article
Upon analyzing the study of Yamauchi, et al. (2010), it can be seen that it was based on scientific method. A scientific method begins with observation of an unexplained phenomenon. Similarly, this study in question started with the statement saying statistics showed that type 2 diabetes is associated with increased morbidity and early mortality.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Examining the female character(s) and how she/they have handled their assigned task or gender role
It tells about an old woman who lives a secluded life since her father’s death thirty years back. Her loneliness and refusal to adapt to the changing world made her succumb to mental illness. Eventually he kills Homer whom she was supposed to marry and dies a recluse.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Evaluate the authorities' handling of the 'Alex Nord' case. How would you have handled this case
The author states that the prognosis of this disease starts early on in life, with the child showing signs of delinquency, lying, truancy and substance abuse. However, its diagnosis is limited to patients who are at least 18 years of age. Many factors can play a role in a child’s life leading to a development of this disorder.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Scientific article review
It discusses several new important breakthrough in figuring out why the immune system attacks the brain and spinal chord, and how this can be contained.One important new breakthrough is the discovery of "T-regs", a cell that regulates T-Cells (Inner Conflict).
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Scientific American article about cholesterol
The goal of the research was to find out if lowering low density lipoprotein or increasing the levels of high density lipoproteins had any effect on the occurrence of heart attacks or strokes1. This
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Find a peer reviewed journal article on a topic of your choosing that highlights the scientific method or scientific process. Summarize the article and explain how you use the scientific procession your life
The study examines the structure of the water molecule and the manner in which the molecules combine to form ice and water. The article evaluates the structural changes that occur when
1 pages (250 words) Essay
How hr functions are handled
Human resource department is an intermediate between employees and management. Employees can access all information they need about the company from this department. Functions by the human resource is a key department and should be handled with great keenness and
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Let us find you another Essay on topic How is under-determination (UD) handled in the scientific article for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us