The human race is plagued with numerous problems, some which can be solved and many that cannot be solved. It is this non-satiable interest and craze for having more and some more that has landed the human race into such problems. The World Health Organisation (WHO) in its various reports and publications indicated the high rate of reported infertility in the developing countries. Unfortunately a huge number of people are affected by infertility. Infertility is not only a problem with women but also of men. The issue of infertility is a major concern for most married couples. Child adoption is the most accepted solution for infertile couple to have children. There are even cases when couples choose to remain childless if they cannot have their own progeny. This paper is about the various reasons, some simple, some complicated and thought provoking; for the couples who find themselves infertile choose to adopt a child while others choose to remain childless. INFERTILITY Infertility is the inability of a living being to reproduce their progeny. Clinically defined, it is a type of disease that affects the reproductive system due to which female beings fails to achieve pregnancy in spite of a year or more of unprotected regular mating. Infertility is also termed as impotency of one partner in a couple either in conceiving a baby or in donating the required sperm within one year of their conjugal life. This can occur in one couple out of six and around 3.5 million people in United Kingdom (UK). Within one year of unprotected mating about 85% of the couple conceives naturally while others fail to do so due to several biological and some non-biological reasons. Infertility is problem not only with women as it was perceived earlier but also a problem that can be with a male. Infertility is caused due to various biological causes. Infertility being a biological problem affects the social as well as personal lives of the effected individuals and sometimes it can cause dire consequences. According to the medical practitioners infertility is of two types: primary infertility and secondary infertility. Primary infertility is the condition where there is a failure in conceiving a baby in spite of engaging in unprotected mating for a year or even more than that on the other hand secondary infertility is when a couple has had their first child but is unable to conceive their second child. With the dynamic progress of science and technology there various types of treatment that are used to treat infertility in men and women (Altmae, 2010). For treating male infertility medical processes such as surgery, treatment of infections in the reproductive track, treatment for problems with intercourse, treatment and medication for hormone problems, and other Assistive Reproductive Technology (ART) treatments like In Vitro Ferstilisation, Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ISI), Cryopreservation, Testicular Extraction of Sperm (TESE) and Intra-Uterine Insemination (IUI) (Agarwal, et al, 2005). As per Okonofua (2006) and others, infertility occurs more in men than women. In order to treat the problem of male infertility In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) is
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