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Poverty in Texas - Essay Example

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The government set a way to determine the levels of poverty and consequently determine the minimum amount of income that families required to exist. This method is constantly updated to meet inflation rates. However, this method faces criticism for only including food needs and costs in establishing the amount of income the families which are considered poor need. There has been the application of another method to measure economic hardship that includes more details such as childcare, clothing, transportation and other necessities in calculating the finances needed by poor families to exist. As of 2010 17.9 % of Texans were considered poor which accounts for 15.3% of the nation’s poor. Most of these poor people are Latinos who are close to the US Mexican border and African Americans. Child poverty is also high in Texas. Most of the poor families within Texas meet the requirements that brand some of its members as “working”. However, they remain poor because of low wages derived from their work and limited public assistance benefits. In fact, Texas workers are ranked low in terms of having pensions, unemployment benefits, worker’s compensation coverage and health insurance. This attributes to many families being poor despite a member of the family being under full time or part time employment. The government set a poverty level of $22, 350 to represent a family with four people in 2011. The children living ins a family below this level are regarded as poor.However, it is subject to study that closes to $44, 700 is the actual amount that can enable to meet the basic needs. This exposes the fault in the outdated method of measuring poverty in the United States of America. 28%of the young children in Texas live in families that are below the federal poverty line.There is full-time employment for at least a single parent in poor families where 33% of the young children live likened to 83% percent of children who are not in poor families. A greater number of children have their parents (at least one employee) part-time the least number of children do not have any of their parents employed. Immigrant families that are poor have a greater number of poor children compared to native poor families. It is also noticeable that parental education of parents contributes to them not meeting the federal poverty limit thus a greater number of young children whose parents do not have a high school degree. The number is less for parents whose highest degree is high school degree and lesser in where parents have at least a college degree. Additionally, the most affected children are of Hispanic descent, African American, Asian and white children respectively. Most of these young children in the poor families live in with a single parent. Most of the children in poor families reside in rural areas which are 33% compared to 28% in urban areas. The Temporal Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Cash Assistance program stipulates that the earning of a single parent in a family of 3 has to be below $4,812 in a year as of 2005. A family of two parents also qualifies under the same criteria Also, the assets worth of the applicant and the recipients must not exceed $1000 and $4,650 for a vehicle. Though eligible for state benefits, legal immigrants were not eligible for the benefits if the state rules against them receiving as of 2007. The maximum benefits for a family of three in a month were $223 and $2,676 in a year. ...Show more
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Summary

The aim of this essay is to analyze the poverty in Texas. As of 2010 17.9 % of Texans were considered poor which accounts for 15.3% of the nation’s poor. Most of these poor people are Latinos who are close to the US Mexican border and African Americans…
Author : nikolasmcdermot
Poverty in Texas
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