This paper discusses the synthesis social movement theory as well as resource mobilization theory, and new social movements and. In addition, the paper will keenly explain the relationship of race and inequality. Social movement is a discipline in social science that seeks to explain how the civilians and the population as a whole can mobilize individuals from different race and gender in revolutionary movements. The theory was used as tool for elite to conduct revolutionary movement and the state itself in which social, cultural, and political consequences are to be manifested. Sociologists thought that revolutionary movements that used prosperity and bureaucracy weakened traditional social norms and customs. Those who wanted to conduct revolutionary movement were not fully integrated into the society. Disruptive techniques are used by mass society to change the government policy and this made social movement to be assumed. Firstly, people were driven into social movement because they wanted to unite with others. Secondly they wanted their expectation which they had based on relation to others be a reality. This relation to others makes participant to see others as they have more economic resources, more power and this make them to unite. Another issue that made people to unite is when an improved situation started to deteriorate, this lead to a rebellion making people to join movements since their expectations are declining beyond their means. Men and women rarely worked together in the same jobs and were need to unite them whether were from different countries since that was the aim of social movements. Individual who had to join revolutionary movements must weigh the cost and benefit of alternatives courses of action and must maximize their beneficial ability, the aim of the movements was to introduce a collective action or bargain which made people to be united. Individual have to join collective action whether beneficial or not since it unites people who have a common goal. Social movements must be represented by certain people to make its activities in an orderly manner and these activities may favor the movement ideas or dislike the ideas (AAUP 24). The movement’s activities must be made through legal matters so as to realize the movement political opportunities. These political opportunities increase political decision making power, how to handle the conflict between the elites and how to choose active members who can lead the movement to attain its objective. Framing of classical explanation of social movements can be associated with media, elites, allies and finally potential recruits. Racial segregation at work was mainly linked with sex of individual and this meant that racial inequalities existed. For example white women did not earn like black women and this made the reason to start social movements. Likewise, institutions need to be represented fully in the collective action. The history of revolution shows that intellectual leaders were more misplaced when mass of followers rose up. The masses, intellectual, professional were to be guided by their leaders since they wanted their rights and use the movements to represent them. Resource mobilization theory in social movement Resource mobilization emerged in 1970s as a sociological theory. Its key importance is to acquire resources and make sure
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30th November 2013 Introduction to society Introduction The aim of social movement was to alert people about their rights and specifically use industrial mechanism or tool and negotiate about the employment relationship between the employee and the employer…
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