In most of the industrialized countries round the globe, family life is too much influenced by the attitudes of the relevant society. For example, women’s service patterns are totally related as how their family demands and society reacts. Most of the young females always tend to drop out from labor force just after they give birth to a baby. Usually, in the later stages of their life, they prefer to return to full time employment. In the mean time, while caring and nurturing baby, the mother most often prefer part- time job (Stier, Lewin & Braun).
In industrialized nations, the probability of single parenting is accelerating at speedy rate. This situation has imposed challenges not only for the society but also for policy makers. This essay briefly highlights, with special emphasis on the situation in United States and European countries, as how changing trends and attitudes within a society have affected the family life and later on influenced the welfare policies. First we will take a look on the situation of United States.
Societal Attitudes and Welfare Policy Developments in United States In United States, since Colonial Period, rearing and nurturing children has always been defined as an exclusive obligation for parents. State as well as society always played a role for the betterment of children. However, here it is interesting to note that public education was the only exception in the United States that was free for all. Next to public education, there were very limited resources and materials available for families to support their children. Although it is a fact that US government gives subsidies and exempt taxes especially for dependent youths. Still, there are no universal benefits available for children. The only benefit families can avail is the child’s tax. The tax payer with dependent youths can reduce the amount of their tax in this way. So far, there are no child allowances, no compulsion for maternity leave, no universal programs are offered for children. This is the reason why, in United States, Congress is engaged in making efforts to encourage appropriate parental behavior because of society pressures. Most of the politicians, keeping in view the needs of the people, are suggesting denying the assistance of those children who have been conceived at the time when mother is on AFDC- Aid to Families with Dependent Children. Moreover, those children are also not supposed to be assisted who are conceived by mothers under eighteen. Denial of aid if mother does not cooperate with the program officials or if father or mother provide false information for aid. So, the assistance by State to a family is not only tied to children’s need but parental behavior is also significant in this regard. Family welfare policies fueled up in United States in the recent past because of changing societal attitudes and demographic trends. For example, in the current day scenario, teen mothers or unmarried couples giving birth to children have been increased at drastic rate. This allowed policy makers to take a new turn while formulating new policies. Moreover, another social behavior that has influenced the overall policy structure involves the rise of fathers who are appearing to have neglected their children. Here, in this essay further, it is briefly analyzed as what are the basic reasons behind these changing trends within a society and how the issues can be slowed down or fixed. Here it will be also observed that adult behavior will be more focused in the policy interests rather than the lives and personalities of children. The data that is presented here also reflects