Therefore, social stratifications define boundaries between cultural conformation and social deviance. In this essay, we will evaluate essential concepts and theories applied in the aspect of social deviance. This will include appraising the role of such theories and concepts in facilitating solidification of existing social structure and enhancing social mobility. In this regard, we will carry out a procedural analysis of alcohol and drug abuse as an example of cultural deviance. Analysis will include considerable extrapolation into the theoretical framework of concepts involved and relationship between these theories and observed behavior in practical settings. Introduction: Social Deviance Social deviance refers to non-conformity to pre-existing social norms. Every society adopts certain rules and regulations which guide the conduct of individuals within that given setting. In most cases, these rules and regulations have spontaneously developed over time and form the normative belief system of members within a community. According to Featherstone and Deflem (2003), individuals within such a community are expected to exhibit recurrence of these expected norms in their economic, political or social undertakings. In this case, social deviance is a broad concept encompassing any form of violation to structured social rules. Despite the fact that deviance is non-conformity to norms, it does not necessarily mean that any form of deviance is negative in nature. For example violence and crime are examples of negative deviance. According to Featherstone and Deflem (2003), engaging in rebellion of harmful social habits like female genital mutilation in third world countries is a positive form of deviant behavior. This means that social deviance is relative as opposed to being an absolute measure of social control. Deviance of Alcohol and Substance Abuse Having understood behaviors that constitute social deviance, we will now appraise on the depth and breadth of alcohol and substance abuse as an example of deviant behavioral pattern. According to Featherstone and Deflem (2003), drug and alcohol abuse counts as a deviant behavior when the immediate society under consideration views such practices as failing to meet cultural standards expected of individuals. In most cases, social norms will inherently discourage persons from engaging in harmful activities. Moreover, habits like alcoholism and drug abuse are known as the main cause of social discord between members of a given society. According to Miles and Stallings (2008), drunkenness induces false confidence and inhibited sense of self-control; hence propagating the tendency to violate other norms. Apart from propagating violation of norms, drug and alcohol abuse in a harmful habit. In this case, repetitive engagement in practices deemed as harmful constitutes social deviance. At this juncture, one may start wondering why the use of drugs and alcohol qualifies as a deviant behavior in cosmopolitan and liberal societies like America. It is undeniable that alcohol and drug abuse is prohibited by religious beliefs of Islam. This makes alcoholism an automatic violation of social norms in countries like Iran and Iraq. However, western societies in Europe and America embrace alcohol and other form of substance abuse habits like cigarette smoking. In this case, western cultures do not forbid the use of alcohol and other drugs like cigarette. Grichting (2005) says that in fact certain states
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DEVIANCE OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG ABUSE Name: Tutor: Course: Date: Abstract Contemporary societies employ substantial social stratification in categorizing persons within a given community. Such categorization may be based on terms of social basis, economic status or political inclination…
I. Understanding of the problem A . Studies proved that drug users start young. 1 .Drug Abuse in America reported 15.9 million youth users 2. The USDA confirms that youth starts to use drugs at age 15 3. Galigher, Paul that drug use is also prevalent in adults and problem of drug addiction cannot be solved.
Much research is done on this issue in order to explain the psychological effects produced on people when alcohol is abused beyond limits. The emotional, psychological, and behavioral turmoil an abuser goes through after falling prey to the abuse is attempted to be identified and discussed in this paper with the help of research.
Individuals with a history of alcoholism or alcohol abuse in the family are also more prone to encounter alcohol-related difficulties (Freeman, 2001). It has been known already that family members of an alcohol abuser are more prone to experience problems from alcohol abuse.
The general conclusions and propositions are an indication that quantitative research was also done in order to support the facts in this report. Informed assertions, is the knowledge one gets through observation of the events around them. This was also employed in the report to relate what the reader knows to what the author is explaining.
In the eating disorder literature, there are several available studies examining the prevalence of self-harm behaviour among those with eating disorders. In contrast, in the literature on self-injury, there are several studies that describe the prevalence of comorbid eating disorders as well as provide more speculation on the association between eating disorders and self-harm or self-injury (Favaro & Santonastaso, 2002).
These investigations can provide preliminary evidence on the probable importance of genetic factors and serve as the foundation for subsequent research. People over the age of 18 who have at least one biological parent with severe and repetitive life problems with alcohol are referred to as adult children of alcoholics.
Undeniably, drugs and alcohol use in teenagers is major problem among American youths today. Many students continue to loose their lives, discontinue their education, and become social misfits in our society.The government continue to spend millions of dollars to offer health services to victims of alcohol and drug abuse
Drug abuse in America has attracted a global attention because the number of drug abusers and the abused drugs keeps increasing year after year (Swartz 24). There is a need to commiserate the causes of drug
The society today is poisoned with all sorts of banned substances that end up in the custody of juveniles in one way or the other, who end up consuming them inappropriately thereby putting their lives on the line, as well as clouding the future of the society as a whole. One in every three juveniles in America has had contact with drugs.
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