The book Communist Manifesto has four fundamental parts. In the first part, Marx explores the communist’s theory of history also looking into the relationship between proletarians and bourgeoisie. He proceeds to explain the relationship between the proletarians and Communists in the second part. In the third part, Marx diagnoses and exposes the flaws in previous socialist literature. The final part explores the relationship between Communists and other parties. The Communist Manifesto is undoubtedly stood the test of time and still remains one of the most crucial literatures that influence and provoke thoughts about capitalism and class. The Bourgeois and Proletarians Conflict in the society is influenced significantly by means of production and is major thrust that leads to social change in the society (Ferrante-Wallace, 2005). Marx and Engels’s Communist Manifesto remains one of the most important literatures that contribute extensively to the field of sociology. The book opens with the suggestion that the society as a history of class struggles and delves into explaining this proposition in the successive forty-one pages or so. In the first section of the book, “Bourgeois and Proletarians”, Marx foresees development and eventual fall of the bourgeoisie, which was the dominant class in the society during his era. Prior to the bourgeoisie rise to prominence, the society existed in feudal order ruled by patrician landowners together with corporate federations. A manufacturing class captured international and domestic business through efficient production compared to the closed guilds as new markets such as America and other international markets were discovered. The manufacturing class started to gain prominence fueled by their increasing economic influence. They gained political influence destroying the conventional feudal arrangement of the society, which had been an obstacle on they path (Ferrante-Wallace, 2005).French Revolution, as argued by Marx, was a perfect pointer towards the bourgeois self-ambition. The emergence of the bourgeois resulted into a new social class, the proletariat also referred to as wage-laborers (Appelrouth & Edles, 2008). The proletariats had no personal means of production, thus resorted to selling their labor power for survival. This class was essentially the main driver of the bourgeois production mode. According to Marx, there is increasing rift between capitalism forces of production and with its abusive relationship, which is bound to make proletariat to initiate revolution distinct to any other that has taken place in the history of the society. With the expansion in the bourgeois industries, the conditions of the proletariats continued to worsen. The deterioration in the living conditions of the proletariats yields a revolutionary quest within the proletariats, which eventually obliterates the bourgeois tormenters (Appelrouth & Edles, 2008; Merton & Storer, 1993). Marx acknowledges that the increase in the bourgeois production was indeed a leeway to their downfall as the triumph of the proletariats remained unavoidable. The Proletariats and Communists In the next chapter, Marx continues to explore the society by analyzing the relationship between the Proletariats an
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The Communist Manifesto Name: Institution: Course: Tutor: Date: The Communist Manifesto Introduction Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels’s Communist Manifesto (1848) conveys one of the most influential political theories of all times. Collaborating with Engels, Marx utilizes a diagnostic approach to class struggle and the flaws of capitalism…
Thus, we can find in most libraries perspectives like Marxist sociology. On the other hand, we have works such as those by Max Weber and Emile Durkheim, both of whom have sociological perspectives that compete with and contradict Marxist perspectives. Another possible way of viewing the matter is that the ideas of Weber and Durkheim are sociological thought while the ideas of Marx are basically ideology not sociology.
In that perspective, as per Marx, the rise of the contemporary bourgeois society is not a novelty or a ground breaking change, but rather the sprouting of a new system endowed with all the ills inherent in the previous feudalistic or class based societies.
This acts as the motivating force behind the development of the ideas. The relationship between classes is classified as an era of the means of production. However, this relationship does not exist as it becomes incompatible with the developing forces of production.
Name Instructor’s Name Course Date of Submission The Communist Manifesto The class system has become deeply embedded in our society and the society has been divided into different segments due to this system. The gap between the elite class and the working class keeps on increasing.
Today, the class struggle, is as real as it was then during French revolution. The middle class has taken the place of the bourgeoisie while workers and unemployed represent the proletariats. According to Marx, the middle class interest for a humongous profit would exploit the labor force due to forces of demand in the market.
A Critical Analysis of “The Communist Manifesto”. In 1848, Karl Marx and Frederick Engels together wrote the book, “The Communist Manifesto” which is often thought to one of the most powerful political manuscripts in modern world. It is said that the “Communist Manifesto” is the Bible of the communists.
With market expansion, mercantilism paved the way for capitalism. However, with all its virtues, capitalism gave rise to inequality of income and wealth, resulting in inequality of economic and political power. The conflict between the bourgeoisies and proletariat worried many thinkers.