The ability of the state to provide a suitable environment for Americans, including justice and equality, has to be recognised by both the society and the state and both should work towards fulfilling the obligations owed to each other.
Inequality is a very common situation that is found among most of the people around the globe, and this is mainly because of the political and social injustices that are prevalent in the society. As I was growing up, it was a common belief in my society that the cause of inequality within the society is that the people themselves are to blame because they are either too lazy or that they make poor decisions in life. Despite this, if one were to consider Rousseau’s statements concerning inequality, one would conclude that the government is also to be blamed for implementing policies that destroy the successful development of their people
I have come to the realization that behind the rising connectedness that has been promised by globalization are those decisions, economic policies and practices which are typically influenced or formulated by the elite within the society. It is such people, many of whom are exceptionally wealthy and who run or are part owners of multinational corporations and institutions that have the power to make bring changes to the society, so that it can become more egalitarian (Locke, 2002). The decisions that are made by the rich and powerful in the society are often responsible for the great external pressure that is exerted on the governments of poor countries and their people, and the latter, who are never in a position to refuse the demands. As a result of the power exerted by the few wealthy individuals, these continue to get wealthy while the majority struggle with or fall into inequality. According to Rousseau, societies in general tend to corrupt the human being and this occurs to such an extent that he starts to think more about himself than about the welfare of the society within which he lives. This applies to the current world situation, because of the fact that there has been the implementation of reductions in the expenditure for health, education among others. This has been done because of the structural change policies approved by the major international financial institutions as terms for loans and repayment of the same, thus ensuring that the welfare of the society is ignored. The ability of individuals all over the world to develop themselves is greatly reduced as they have to struggle against the barriers that have been created in their attempts to advance. As a result, because of the continuing trend in the modern society, then it is becoming less likely that a more egalitarian society will be formed as individuals become more individualistic in nature. Thus, the attempt to create a more egalitarian society will most likely fail as the individuals in the society fail to look beyond their immediate needs and become more selfish. Q.2 Among the basic tenets of the Declaration of Independence as well as the Constitution is that all the people in America have the right to have the same opportunities to prosper but this should only be done because of their hard work. While this may be the case, the framework in the development of equal opportunities in the United States has always been based on individualism and not on the society. The framework of opportunity in America has often been described in terms of a partnership or a contract between the state and the people so that the state facilitates the environment while the people work towards being successful within it. The idea that there is the promotion of shared prosperity in the United States has become void because of the fact that more of the population is falling into poverty while the wealthy get wealthier. This has created a situation where the social contract is no longer being fulfilled because of the prevailing inequalities in the society. The social contract has often been considered to be the justification of the state’s authority over the American people, as well the people’ ...
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“Jean-Jacques Rousseau was born to Isaac Rousseau and Suzanne Bernard in Geneva on June 28, 1712. His mother died only a few days later on July 7 and his only sibling, an older brother, ran away from home when Rousseau was still a child. Rousseau was therefore brought up mainly by his father, a clockmaker, with whom at an early age he read ancient Greek and Roman literature such as the Lives of Plutarch.
However, there is a great amount of criticism for the idea of nationalism as not everyone agrees on what constitutes a nation. This particular debate came to the forefront during the 2010 Olympics which were held in Vancouver. In particular, the controversy centered around the discontent felt by the Indian tribes of Canada and the perceived inequalities experienced because of the Olympic games.
He argued that human beings are born free; however, when a person is born and starts to cry, and breathe, a person is then tied to an invisible chain that the society had established. In reference to his Discourse on the Origins of Inequality, he stated that freedom was hindered when man became aware of his ability of ownership.
Accordingly, the very first section of this research paper will focus upon the means by which inequality has impacted upon my own life and the way in which class distinction, gender discrimination, racial discrimination, and ethnicity all work together to categorize and denote expected and stereotypical behaviors from groups of individuals.
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Such an attitude is understandable in an 'outsider', but what is more questionable, is the insistence that this misleading and disconcerting urbanity is largely the product of letters, art and science (Gourevitch, 2001). Refusing to consider the opposite point of view, Rousseau now puts this idea forward as his major thesis.
The author argues that the only material things that a man need is sleep, a woman and food. In connection, to this he believe that Hobbes was looking at a man from a very narrow point of view. This is because, a man has
For instance, people who are in the bottom 10% of the country’s population earn an income of approximately 8000 pounds while the top 10% earns ten times which is approximately 80000 pounds. The 10% holds 44% of the country’s wealth (Schuerkens 2010). This is a robust
For Locke, marriage is not just utilitarian; there is a factor of love to it. The same way a dad’s power over his kids is not absolute, a man’s power over his spouse is not absolute also. He even advocates for divorce if the woman and man
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