When she needs money her aunt gives it to her. In a typical year, her aunt gives her $3000. She may not be defined as poor as she has access to enough amount of, not and live in a good house in a family house. Although poverty is defined in terms of family, there is no clear definition on whether the family is only the nucleus or the extended. In this case, the woman lives in a household where there is not poverty and so she is not poor. • A similar young women but who is not related to the owner of the house. She may be defined as poor as she has no access to enough amount of money. Her income is below the threshold for an individual person and it cannot be said clearly that the other woman’s aunt’s income can be tied to her. • A graduate student couple that lives on a total of $11,000. They share a room in a group apartment. The couple pays $200/month for the room (obviously this is not the Bay Area). This couple would fall under the definition of poor because their income is under the threshold for two people which is $ 14,937. • That same couple if they spend more than 1/3 of their income on food. This would remain the same because their income remains under the threshold of poverty for two people. • That same couple if they spend less than 1/3 of their income on food. This would remain the same because their income remains under the threshold of poverty for two people. • An eighty-year-old widow who has lived for sixty years in a house that is now worth $500,000. Her total income is barely adequate to pay the taxes on the house. She survives by keeping the house heated to 60 degrees in the winter, by skipping meals or eating at the local soup kitchen. There are no inexpensive houses in her neighborhood which is the only place where she has a network of friends and feels comfortable. The woman would be considered to be poor because although the value of house if high, that does not give her continue income for her expenditure. • That same woman except that she receives $2,400 per year in food stamps and now spends $3,000 per year on food (including the $2,400 in food stamps). According to the poverty measurement, in calculating the amount of income for an individual, Only cash aid is counted. In this regard, aid received in kind, such as food stamps, is not considered as part of the individuals income, this would mean that the person. Q) Describe the principal criticisms of the official definition of poverty? For each, explain whether correcting it would lower or raise the official poverty estimate. It fails to recognize the individual needs due to the fact it is paternalistic. As a result, it doesn’t solve the problem that is supposed to solve. Q) How would our assessment of the prevalence of poverty be likely to differ if, instead of the official definition, we relied on measures of inadequacy of consumption such as homelessness and hunger?
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