All these schools have particular concerns and they have put theories forward to either support or criticize the Marxism theories. Marxists theories of popular culture date back to the 19th century when he provided basic ideologies on the existence of a natural society. Marx used a materialistic approach to explain the balances that exist in a typical society. In his theory, Marx provided that the social aspects of a society are determined by the relations of productions characteristic in this society. Consequently, people will indulge in leisure and entertainment depending on their economic wellbeing. Another major concern of Marx was the influence of capitalism among the dominant classes in the society. Marx proposed that popular culture is just a manifestation of the influence of capitalists in the society and their manipulation of the society (Strinati 192-140). On commodity fetishism, Marx proposed that capitalist manipulate the intrinsic value of products to ensure that they reap from the business and social relationship. The idea of Marx on popular culture has dominated the theoretical background of society set up and has generated a lot of multi-concern reactions from a wide range of scholars. Frankfurt is among the people who reacted to the ideas of Marx on popular culture by providing their idea on the same. ...
They advanced that the social behavior of the society is influenced by their daily activities and the experiences they garner from these activities (Horkheimer 120). On commodity fetishism, Frankfurt school of thought states that the exchange value and the real value of the products are determined the worth of good within a society. In this critical theory, the theorist integrated the ideas of Marx within their framework and provide different on opinions on their matters of concern. Another school that ventured into the research of social class and culture is the Birmingham school of thought that sought to investigate the social relationships among the working class youth subcultures. According to this school of thought, every society has dominant cultural norms that define its social relationships and the lifestyle of its youths. The youths are resistant to the cultural norms and distinctly oppose the social flow of the society and its dominant cultures. Another major concern of this school of thought is the gender differences that exist within the society. The traditional set up has established a culture that oppresses the female a gender and that this kind of tradition is manifested within the employment sector (Leblanc 197). This school of thought seems to be rather concerned with the gender differences that exist within the social spheres and how they determine the relationship between society members. Comparatively, the three schools of thoughts seem to have specific particular matters of concern yet have numerous similarities and differences (Strinati 243). The Frankfurt’s school of thought and the Marxists theory seem to agree on the matter concerning
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Name Sociology Instructor Date Social Class and Culture Numerous schools of sociology have come up over the historical times to provide an explanation on social class and culture. Marxist is among the traditional theorists who featured the social and traditional set ups in the society…
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