From this discussion it is clear that Karl Marx is perhaps the most renowned German thinker and political activist was born in 1818 in the ancient city of Trier, in Southwestern Germany, Marx’s father was a prosperous lawyer, a Jew who converted to Lutheranism. Marx was a student of law at the University of Bonn. He later went to Berlin, where he began to study history and philosophy. While in Germany, Marx joined a group of radical thinkers known as Young Hegelians who developed a strong critique of the philosophy of Georg W.F Hegel. Hegel’s philosophy of social change gave Marx the basis of his theoretical system and historical materialism.This report highlights that by the middle of the 19th century, the industrialization that began in Britain a century earlier was spreading so fast throughout Western Europe. There was an increasing wave of technological advances in transportation, communication manufacturing which spurred an explosion in commercial markets for goods. This led to modern capitalism and the rise of middle class owners of capital. With rapid expansion of industrialization, there was a rapid urban migration, leading to the distortion of traditional agricultural life among most families. According to Appelrouth, manufacturing was soon going to rival and then surpass the numbers working in agriculture. Marx emphasized private property as the innermost institution of a capitalist society. In a capital society, a small segment of the population controls wealth and power....
This led to modern capitalism and the rise of middle class owners of capital. With rapid expansion of industrialization, there was a rapid urban migration, leading to the distortion of traditional agricultural life among most families. According to Appelrouth, manufacturing was soon going to rival and then surpass the numbers working in agriculture (Appelrouth and Eddie 2008: 25). In his reaction to this stage of social and economic development, Marx came up with a theoretical model intended to both interpret the world and change it (Appelrouth and Eddie 2008: 25). In doing so, he centered his analysis on capitalism, alienation, and feudalism. Marx emphasized private property as the innermost institution of a capitalist society. In a capital society, a small segment of the population controls wealth and power. Because of this arrangement, two classes are created in the society: The owners of capital otherwise called the bourgeoisie and the working class also known as proletariat. He analyzed the relationship between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat as an inherently exploitative one. The bourgeoisie make profit by inadequately paying the working class. This way, the proletariats are exploited in both body and soul. They have no control over the products that they make Appelrouth and Eddie 27). To him, capitalism is a process that entirely prevents the working class from realizing their essential human capacity to engage in creative labor while the owners of capital get better in their system of ownership and wealth accumulation. Marx then went on to argue that capitalism was the source of alienation, which is the separation of the individual from either the preconditions or the products of labor.
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