In respect to the foregoing, the barriers to mobility and/or work these women experienced are premised upon merit. Merit in turn is underpinned by the extent of education candidates may possess and professional skills these women may have acquired in the long run. Because of racial and gender inequalities that accosted the African American woman, Angie, Jewell and Opal could not attain these prerequisites. Secondly, the welfare reform is depicted by DeParle (2005) of assuming a blanket application of a solution to Angie, Jewell and Opal’s problems, yet these women are different in temperance and degree of predicament. Thirdly, the runaway corruption in the welfare program offices is another factor that DeParle points out as a stumbling block to improving the status of these three resilient and diligent women. Question 2 As is widely known, as statutes enacted by the US state governments, the Three Strikes Laws mandated courts to impose sentences between 25 years and life imprisonment on individuals who have been convicted of not less than three serious criminal offences. Some of these serious offences include murder, robbery and burglary with a dangerous or deadly weapon, rape and other sex-related offences. To an extent, the Western’s account for why incarceration rates have increased so much since the 1970s may be relatable with the ratification of the Three Strikes Laws. Specifically, given that punishments for felony and homicide are severe (possibly taking on the longer sentences, the death penalty or life sentences without any prospects of a parole), criminals have recently become more desperate to escape police dragnets, to the point...
This paper approves that residential segregation affects the life chances of people who live in segregated neighborhoods, just as Massey and Denton claim in American Apartheid. In itself, residential segregation refers to the physical separation of groups into different neighborhood. This can also refer to a form of segregation or separation which sorts groups in a population, into different neighborhood contexts, and thereby shaping the living environment and standards into different neighborhood levels. At most instances, ethnicity, income and race are the criteria that underpin this racial segregation.
Life chances of people living in segregated neighborhoods is likely to be very low because such people are likely to live in squalid conditions, in the event that the population concerned is an income or income-and-racial segregation.
This essay makes a conclusion that a myriad of reasons exist as to why residential segregation persists today despite fair housing and civil rights laws. One of the reasons for this is the prevailing market dynamics in the surrounding neighborhoods. It is interesting to note that fair housing and civil rights laws made laudable efforts to make housing available to different classes, races and ethnicities, but left market forces in the same neighborhoods untouched. In this case, even with decent housing low income earners could not afford the high cost of living that surrounded the newly acquired houses’ neighborhood. This left low income earners preferring to remain in their previous neighborhoods to their newly acquired houses.