Each dimension should be solidly reinforced to ensure the development of one’s hauora or well-being. Children in the early childhood stage are vulnerable to many things especially those that relate to their families. Being part of their first ecological system, the microsystem (Brofenbrenner, 1979), their family or whanau has great influence on their growth, development, health and well-being. When children enter their second ecological system or the mesosystem, usually the early children’s centre or preschool, they bring with them much of the influence derived from their families. Some children may thrive well in their new environment especially if they come from healthy homes, but there are also children who may not be as fortunate and sometimes, they are seen as different because their well-being has not been nurtured as well as their healthier peers due to a variety of factors. Lyons (2005) identifies early childhood education as a venue that challenges people’s acceptance of diversity and inclusion. As early childhood educators, we need to examine our own understanding of diversity and inclusion of marginalized students and their families, as it will reflect on how we interact with them. Such interactions will likewise influence how the children view others and themselves. As Derman-Sparks (1999) say, “Children come to us at the very beginning of their development of attitudes about themselves and others. We can teach them to value all the varied ways people are and live or we can allow them to build an unstable self-identity based on ignorance and fear of people different from themselves" Belonging is one strand of Te Whaariki that guides early childhood educators in their role of helping children in the development of a stable...
This essay stresses that the development of a child’s well-being or hauora depends on various factors. Among these is his or her family background. Social cohesion or the quality of social relationships characterized by the existence of trust, mutual obligations and respect is one great factor that could prevent feelings of isolation and encourage feelings of belongingness. By the way, poverty is a growing social problem throughout the world, it is not an excuse to neglect the well-being of children. This should always be placed on top of the list if we are to hope for a better world with them as our future leaders.
This report makes a conclusion that. Their holistic development is addressed as they are provided engaging experiences to facilitate their cognitive, physical, socio-emotional and spiritual development to augment for any deprivation in any of these areas from the home setting. Their single parents, siblings and extended family members, as well as the community are enjoined to support them in their learning and development by taking part in special activities and events that promote the children’s growth. Finally, the children’s relationships with other children and adults are made more responsive to their needs. Single mothers need as much support as they can get as they “play important roles in raising healthy, balanced children in an increasingly fractured society and provide strong and independent female models for the 21st century”.