Humans nowadays are living their daily lives side by side with these technologies that spread through their economic and social affairs. Many social interaction and economic process have been innovated by these technologies such as "design, production, transactions, and as potential opportunities emerge, the basis of economic decision making is also changing" (Miles 2005 p.2).
The term "information society" signifies the noticeable qualitative and quantitative change in social and economic affairs in connection with the development and distribution of information technology (Miles 2005 p.2). Information society is not limited to the IT sectors alone or an economy dominated by this group. It applies to all IT-using sectors whose tasks and operations may be alter through the product of IT or related improvements and therefore extends to the whole society and economy. There maybe more implications in the IT sector but information technology related developments are far being confined to this sector because it involves "transactional activities of potentially all sectors" (Miles 2005, p.2).
How different is the Information Technology from earlier technologies that it is now being use as the basis for a new social order like the "Information Society" In addition, how different is the "Information Society" from the earlier societies
THE NEW INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AS A NEW SOCIAL ORDER
Long before the emergence of the Information Society, human development is dependent on the development of the technologies and institutions of social communications and the relationship between communication and social structures were always being considered. The reason is communication becomes increasingly dependent upon the mobilization and access to inadequate resources, which lead to require an understanding on how to control these resources.
Social communications rely upon and are "shaped by technology" (Skouby n.d. p.175) and therefore studies were done on how these technologies can also be shaped within a wider "social and historical context" (Skouby n.d. p.175). Harold Adams Innis (1951), an influential media determinist, and Bell (1973) as narrated by Skouby n.d. provides the example of the first aspect. They presented an argument that "changing forms of communication leads to changes in the nature of society" (Skouby n.d. p. 175). Although they recognize the separations between communication and general socio-economic developments, they inspired the belief that "communication is the primary explanatory variable". This is symbolic as the McLuhan's (1964) statement "The medium is the message" as explained by Skouby (n.d. p.175-176). It means that the technology of communication is eventually governing socio-economic in a very basic way.
The next aspect introduced by Christopher Freeman and others in 1998 according to Skouby n.d. (n.d. p.176), is the interaction of between "environment such as natural, built, and institutional and innovation as the basic nature of the techno-economic relationship" (Skouby n.d. p. 176). This characterized innovations for their capabilities to change the techno-economic concept that have overwhelming transformational results throughout the economy.
The third aspect as stated by Skouby (n.d. p. 176) is the claim of Manuel Castells (1996-1997) that