Theoretical Perspectives in Social Work

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Social work is done according to many models and in many countries. Earlier social work was done according to certain principles and government policies. Nowadays more care is taken to work according to the various models that the social scientists have developed through constant research.


Political and administration outlook has changed in recent years and the inclusion and necessity of social scientists is now being accepted in every European country including United Kingdom as part of the policy perspective. "Despite the British government's allergic reaction to theorising in social work training, there is a welcome emergence of theoretical literacy, in social work including European social theory, feminism, the sociology of knowledge and concepts such as risk, time, practice and expertise" Shaw (2003, p.111).
Another theory based approach that could be suitable for the present case is the System Theory. System theory is also called Eco System theory and it does not look at an individual as a single entity, but connected to institutions, environment, family and society. It tries to assess the people as part of an entire system. "Systems theory offers a way of conceptualising the relationship between people and environments and encourages a balanced approach to both domains of practice. Emphasis is on the 'goodness of fit' between the client and their environment"
According to this theory, the social workers focus on the family, community and the social, economic, and political factors that might affect the situation of the client. According to Hoffman and Sallee, 1994 (cited in Ibid)
There are many driving princi ...
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