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Work Portfolio - Essay Example

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Work Portfolio

- A process that account for an individual's intensity, direction and persistence of efforts towards attaining a goal.

Interesting aspect of motivation
Motivation has three distinct features
It results from a fixed need
It is goal directed
It persist until the satisfaction of a need state occurs.
In a Managerial perspective motivation is closely related to needs arising out of Self -esteem and Self actualization. Internal esteem factors like self respect, autonomy, achievement will act as an internal motivator for managers.
Managers are also in need of external esteem factors such as status, recognition and attention in order to get refreshed and perform their work efficiently.
Motivation also triggers self actualization which includes critical factors like growth, potential and self fulfillment.
Motivation is a component of three fulfilled needs of affiliation, achievement and power.
Task managers show high on achievement and power need and low on affiliation
Hygiene factors-basic needs that will prevent dissatisfaction e.g. ventilation, normal temperature, pay, parking etc.
Motivators, when present cause high levels of motivation. Work gets more interesting, advancement and growth becomes possible.
Importance of Motivation for Managers
The manager in an organization can be motivated by
- Challenging assignments
- Recognition.
- Responsibility
- Career growth
Managerial motivation primarily depends on the type of reinforcement adopted by the manager namely
Positive Reinforcement leading to rewards,
Negative Reinforcement leading to punishments.
Type of rewards can be external or internal namely
Extrinsic-external rewards such as money, fringe benefits, job security
Intrinsic-internal satisfaction outcomes derived from doing work- Satisfaction...
Motivation is the defined as a set of processes that moves a person toward a goal. Thus, motivated behaviors are voluntary choices controlled by the individual employee and initiated by managers. According to Scott (1995)"Motivation is a process of stimulating people to action to accomplish desired goals".
In a Managerial perspective motivation is closely related to needs arising out of Self -esteem and Self actualization. Internal esteem factors like self respect, autonomy, achievement will act as an internal motivator for managers.
Money is understood to be a powerful motivator influencing financial cost parameter for more than one reason. In the first place money is fundamental for completion of a task The employee takes pay as a reward for his work, and the employer views it as a price for using the services of the employee. Second, as a medium of exchange, money is a vehicle by which employees can buy numerous need satisfying goods and services they desire. Third, money is considered as one of hygiene factors to improve maintenance factors and the efforts are directed towards motivation. Fourth, money also performs the function of a scorecard which employees assess the value that the organization places on their services and by which employees can compare their values to others. But, behavioral scientist thinks otherwise and suggests downgrade money as a motivator. ...Show more

Summary

The Self perception inventory tests determines the individual's behavioral type and assess how an individual behaves in a team oriented environment. The standard tool used for self perception tests is Self perception inventory developed by Meredith Belbin.
Author : vivien54
Work Portfolio essay example
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