Nursing profession as a profession of caring need to cater to a rich variety of ethnicities. It is the goal of the medical profession to provide optimal health care for all patients. Unless cultural differences are taken into account, this goal cannot be accomplished. (Galanti, 1997, p. 135)
Caring to the multitude of global ethnicities is a daunting task and many scholars have thought about this problem. There is consensus now among the health care profession that cultural diversity is a reality that has to be coped with. Increasing number of scholars opine that sensitivity to cultural diversity has to be integrated as an important agenda in the training of nurses today. There is an ever-increasing body of well-researched knowledge concerning the paramount importance of culture in health care. Illness and health care practices are culturally related. In order to provide effective care for clients from different ethnic groups these beliefs and practices have to be studied, taken into account and duly respected. (Leininger 1991; Meleie et al 1992 and Andrews 1999) The literature on Cultural Diversity and Nursing, now occupies a sizable space in all modern libraries.
There have been many models that propose to integrate cultural diversity and nursing training. ...
The purpose of Trans-cultural models is to help the nurses to see their individual practice in a scientific framework. They help the practitioner to see what he or she does in a cultural context. In addition they help us to examine our cultural assumptions and that of others.
According to Papadopoulous Cultural Competence is the capacity to give healthcare giving due consideration to clients cultural belief's, behaviors and wants. Cultural Competence is both a process and an outcome and is gained from the synthesis of knowledge and skill, which the nurses acquire during their professional and personal lives. Since it is a process it is evident that it cannot be acquired overnight and has to be integrated into nursing education and through out the career .The following table will give a brief idea of the model.
The Papadopoulos, Tilki and Taylor Model for Developing Cultural Competence
Challenging and addressing prejudice, discrimination and inequalities
Health beliefs and behaviors
Ethnohistory /Anthropological understanding
Sociological /Political understanding
Psychological and Biological understanding
Similarities and variations
Since Cultural Competence is a process, the stages in the process are a great help for the person aspiring a meaningful career in the context of cultural diversity. The first stage in the model is called