Social exclusion exists to some degree in all societies, and can occur across a number of dimensions: economic, social, political and cultural. Exclusion can be official or unofficial and can take place in a number of arenas, from the legal, health and education systems to the household and community.
The UK Government's Social Exclusion Unit was set up by the Prime Minister in 1997 to lead thinking on social exclusion within the UK Government and tackle the myriad forms of social exclusion within the UK. To help tackle social exclusion, the Social Exclusion Task Force (SETF), has three roles:
1. Identify priorities for people suffering from social exclusion: understand the persistence of exclusion across the life cycle and set priorities to give everyone a fair chance in life;
3. Facilitate collaboration across government and from the national to the local government levels: drive Public Service Agreement 16 on jobs and homes for at-risk and socially secluded adults.
The 2007 Comprehensive Spending Review includes a Public Service Agreement (PSA) aimed at reducin...
The 2007 Comprehensive Spending Review includes a Public Service Agreement (PSA) aimed at reducing social exclusion among the vulnerable adults. The Socially Excluded Adults PSA is one of only 30 agreed across the whole of Government, and is the first agreement that has focussed specifically on the needs of the most vulnerable adults. The PSA aims to ensure that the most socially excluded adults are offered the chance to get back on a path to a more successful life, by increasing the proportion of at-risk individuals in settled accommodation; and employment, education or training. A home and a job are the core foundations of normal, everyday life which the majority of people take for granted.
The PSA intends to help in the following ways:
Encourage prevention and early intervention, by focusing on transition points when individuals can be helped to avoid long-term exclusion;
Promote joint working, by setting out a shared cross-Government commitment to tackling exclusion;
Focus resources, by sending a clear signal that helping these groups is a Government priority;
Incentivise and drive delivery, through a clear performance management framework for tackling social exclusion amongst adults and for monitoring and managing progress.
Inequality and Exclusion
To have a better understanding of the relationship between inequalities and exclusion we must broaden this section to relationship between Horizontal
Inequalities, Vertical Inequality and Social Exclusion.1 Horizontal Inequalities