Human Rights Universalism and its Critics - Essay Example

Only on StudentShare

Extract of sample
Human Rights Universalism and its Critics

What human rights are, in a general and sweeping definition, are to defend people from "severe political, legal and social abuses." This is done in order for people to secure the necessary conditions of leading a minimally good life (Nickel et. al.: 2006, p.1, Nickel 1992, 561). From the dawn of civilization and community, the powers and limits of such powers of the governing body, groups and individuals have developed throughout the course of human history from being relegated in domestic societies to become more broadened and expanded throughout the entire world in the modern age. This was done in part to restrain human passions and actions from harming one another and to defend basic preservation of life, in what Jean Jacques Rousseau categorised as the social contract. Throughout human evolution, these rights have become more expansive and perceived to be universal in their definition and application. These rights were derived from Western historic and contemporary norms, and faced criticism and defence to the universality of such rights. Critics debate that human rights definitions were Western creations and Western attempts at Westernising legal, social and moral faculties. ...
Download paper


Upon his reflections of American foreign policy towards the end of his life, George F. Kennan admitted that he found himself "wishing that there were a bit more of morality in our concepts of what is legal, and more attention to legality in our concepts of what is moral, than I see around me at this time" (Kennan, 1985, p…
Author : pfannerstillwal

Related Essays

The Civil Rights movements and its symbols
It is a collective effort of the people to bring changes through new organizations and values in the existing social order. A movement is born when people are not satisfied with the prevalent social condition, and are able to substitute other new conditions of their choice. Thus, a social movement aims at bringing social change, as well as a social reform. A collective identity is a perception which may be visualized directly, or created by external influences. It can be conveyed in cultural materials such as symbols and clothing. However, all materials in culture do not suggest collective...
15 pages (3765 words) Research Paper
The Declaration of Human Rights
This document is considered the foundation for later international human rights law, including the Covenant of Civil and Political Rights and the Covenant of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. All UN members have ratified at least one of the core international rights treaties. These lay down obligations which states are bound to respect in their respective domestic legislation. Provisions of the UDHR There are 30 articles in the declaration detailing the rights drafters considered should be universal. ( than list each one, I will merely indicate the categories involved. They...
3 pages (753 words) Essay
Human Rights and Poverty
The rich states confirm the fact that effective governments of poor countries are often subjected to excessive power and control of ruling governments. Developed countries can also criticize their policies and large sums of money cannot always save poor countries. It is necessary to help these countries from a much deeper level. Very often severe poverty is fueled by local misrule and ignorance. Therefore, it is evident that severe poverty is not only a result of mismanagement and bad governing of the country, but it is a more complex and profound phenomenon (The State of the Poor, 2011). In...
3 pages (753 words) Term Paper
Public Safety and Human Rights
Mental health has been up to now ineffective. Most often, these individuals are not usually amenable to mental health care. The types of people who commit such actions are not sent to hospital because they are assessed as unlikely to benefit from treatment. Instead, they are released unsupervised to their communities....
8 pages (2008 words) Book Report/Review
Human Rights Movements
From April until July 1994, within a period of about 100 days, approximately 800,000 human beings were murdered in the Rwandan Genocide (Beardsley, 2005). In the case of Bosnia, the Bosnian Serb forces targeted for extinction 40,000 Bosnian Muslims living in Srebrenica, a group which was emblematic of the Bosnian Muslims in general. They deliberately and methodically killed them solely on the basis of their identity, fully aware when they embarked on this genocidal venture that the harm they caused would continue to plague the Bosnian Muslims (Prosecutor v. Radislav Krstic, 2004). Meanwhile,...
6 pages (1506 words) Essay
Human Rights NGO
These organizations are most often non-profit and usually only gain funding from their own private resources. It has been found by some that the term 'non-governmental organization' is rather broad, and can in fact be referred or related to basically anything non-governmental, and as a result, many now prefer the term 'private voluntary organization', or 'PVO'....
22 pages (5522 words) Essay
human rights
I conducted a research among the students in a bid to get their views about their perceptions with regards to the state of education pertaining to the aspect of human rights at GMU. The respondents reported that their course/department/college/office promotes human rights by offering courses on this particular topic and they promote research about human rights. All respondents reported that their course/department/ college/ office are doing something that promotes human rights. The respondents also reported that they did not know the state of human rights education for undergraduates at GMU...
5 pages (1255 words) Essay
Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!