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Traffic Congestion - Case Study Example

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Summary
The congestion in big cities has evolved as major problem in the most of the countries of the World. The Governments of these countries are introducing different schemes and measures in order to deal with the complex nature of problem. This report is aimed at undertaking a critical analysis of the London congestion charges scheme with special attention to the areas outside the central city, which is being introduced in order to control the traffic congestion.
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Traffic Congestion
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Traffic Congestion

According to the figures by GLA (2001) the total population of London was 7.4 million people which has risen by 7.2% in the last decade. 4.5 million people have their employment place in London, and the tourism figures report 13.5 million visitors from around the world every year. The traffic congestion in the Central London is the resultant factor of the increase in the employment. On the other hand the increase in the employment has also increased the income of the people increasing the leisure trips to London. The trend increased the off-peak trips contributing to the increment of the problem. With the introduction of congestion charges in the downtown areas of London the most of
Reported growth estimation in the population is 8.1 million by 2016. With the increase in population the jobs will also increase at the level of 5.1 million. (GLA, 2002). With all the forecasts the other factors also indicate towards increasing travel to the London City. According to the TfL the Vehicle traffic is expected to increase at a rate of 4.5 - 7.5 percent. Motorcycles accounts for approximately 54% of the transportation means of the people entering the area.
"The London congestion charg...
With the introduction of congestion charges in the downtown areas of London the most of
3.Future of the Problem:
Reported growth estimation in the population is 8.1 million by 2016. With the increase in population the jobs will also increase at the level of 5.1 million. (GLA, 2002). With all the forecasts the other factors also indicate towards increasing travel to the London City. According to the TfL the Vehicle traffic is expected to increase at a rate of 4.5 - 7.5 percent. Motorcycles accounts for approximately 54% of the transportation means of the people entering the area.






Figure 1: Going Downtown 7:00 to 10:00 AM



London
"The London congestion charge is a fee for motorists entering the Central London area. London was not the first city to adopt congestion charging, but as of 2006 it is the largest city to do so. The organisation responsible for administering the charge is Transport for London (TfL).
4. Aim of Policy:
The stated aim of the scheme is to encourage travellers to use public transport, cleaner vehicles, bicycles, motorcycles or their own two feet instead of motor cars and vans, thus reducing congestion and allowing for faster, less polluting and more predictable journeys. TfL says that much of the money raised in the scheme is invested in public transport.
The fee was introduced on 17 February 2003. The registered owner of a vehicle that enters, leaves or moves around within the congestion charge zone between 7am and 6.30pm, Monday to Friday must pay the daily fee of '8. If the charge is not paid by 10pm on the day of travel the charge is increased to '10: this is intended to cut the number of last-minute payments. Failure to pay by midnight means a fine of at least '50. From 17 February 2003 until 4 July 2005, ... Read More
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