The hidden social order is thinking for doing something. On the other hand, The witnessable social order is the establishment of the thinking through performing. The witnessable social order sets up an instance in the society, but hidden social order is not be understood by anyone until expressing it. The hidden social order is the theme of research in sociology and the sociologist treat it as the principal of sociology. But the witnessable social order is not any principal, rather than it is the practical concept of society in accordance with the social order.
Just as, for Heidegger, science is blind to the ontological difference since it only recognises "that which is present" (always already) so, for Garfinkel, FA takes society as the totality of already-constituted social facts, thereby ignoring their local, in situ processes of coming-to-be. So while there is a strongly popular conception of EM as a purely empirical and descriptive science of "social processes" (a kind of social phenomenology), it may in fact be much more than this, if only because, in Heideggerian terms "coming to presence" must strictly be outside the grasp of any of today's empirical sciences. Following this line of thought, EMmay turn out to be an alternative to all other social theories; one that offers an understanding (or "thematization") of both the ontological domain (coming to presence) and perhaps even of the ontological difference as such in the social sphere - an understanding of the difference between "coming to presence" and "that which is merely present" as "social facts." (McHoul, 1998:15). The witnessable order in society is somehow related with the "Principle of Visibility" that is one of the main principles of social order. The principle of visibility refers to the extent that the behavior of group members can be observed by other members of the group. The higher the observation rate of a group is, the more likely the members of that group are to follow group norms (Stark, 211).
A prime example of a society with a high level of observability is Japan. Most offices are close quartered, open office spaces without any partitions. The employees work in full sight and hearing of their supervisors. This high level of visibility encourages workers to stay constantly on task lest they suffer reproaches from their supervisors.Exactly what these studies are, Garfinkel does not elaborate on just here; but the implication is that the term "Rendering Theorem", "naturally organized ordinary activities", and "practical action and reasoning" are to mean something like revealing: and, in particular, revealing something - namely the work of achieved coherence - to be both "hidden" and "transparent." (McHoul, 1998:13).
Then, when Garfinkel glosses Rendering Theorem's interest as taking up what "the FA procedure ignores," namely "the enacted, unmediated, directly and immediately witnessable details of immortal ordinary society" (Garfinkel, 1996: 8) we can also see an interest in conditions of a sort. As it were, the "witnessable details" are all that could possibly pass for conditions on this account.