This changed labeled the human resource department as the advocates of the employees where as the modern world has admitted that Human Resource department is a strategic department and has a key role in organization as it manages the most vital asset of the organization, the Human. Previously this department was considered as the expense center where as now it is considered as the strategic partners.
Human Resource managers manage organizational activities through different practices, not all the managers all over the world use the same practices. It is because they operate in different organizations with setup in a different country and culture.
A historic change came in France in the form of French Revolution (1789-1799) (Heller, pg 68, 2007). During this period the system in the country changed from complete monarchy to enlighten principles or citizenship and equal rights. The causes were many such as the intentional starvation for certain population segment, bankruptcy due to wars, high unemployment, unequal treatment between populations segment, poor treatment with women, poor economy and unequal distribution. In conclusion human resource was badly treated in France and was exploited and there was no strategic importance of the humans, only money was considered as the power and asset (Mathis & Jackson, pg 110, 2006).
Up to a great extant the basis of the revolution was the human resource, as the agenda was to provide the equality, justice and freedom in every aspect of life. The revolution brought the idea of democracy and human management and it valued the importance of human resource.
Education and Training System
France is among those countries that have the highest literacy rate. According to 2003 records of education ministry literacy rate was 99.5%. Country pays high attention to its educational system and is keen and sincere in producing more productive and knowledgeable generation. For 2009 France has allocated the budget of 64.4 billion Euro for education. Most of the primary and secondary education is controlled by the state where as private sector plays an important role in higher studies (France Demographical Data, 2009).
The population is facing a serious challenge, as the aging in France is slowing down, there are only 19 million young people in metropolitan France, that makes it only 32% of the total population, where as in 1970s it was about 40% (France Demographical Data, 2009). This is a serious threat for the country as the experienced and knowledgeable people are close to their ages to retire and people who are going to replace them are not ready to take up such positions, or they are not in that number to fill that gap. That is the reason France allows foreign workers to work in the country and that also created more diversity in France which already as issue.
For all the above concerned France is working hard and has been putting its efforts to train their people and