StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Youth Incarceration in UK - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Youth Incarceration in UK

It is argued that the pace of these changes is unprecedented in British history. The enactment, in 1998 of the Crime and Disorder Act, marked a paradigm shift youth justice policy from both the welfare oriented innovations of the 1960s and 1970s, and the diversionary measures of the 1980s.Current statistics of juvenile incarceration shows that England and Wales have the highest imprisonment rates for children and young people in Western Europe, surpassed by Turkey and Ukraine only. The indignation for this rising incarceration for young offenders is succinctly expressed the Prison Reform Trust's assertion that the present statistics of the country's children in incarceration, might 'shame' the country into 'reducing prison numbers and finding more effective solutions to juvenile crime'. As a result of this sharp increase in the number of youths and young persons in custody, as a fall out of the UK's 'newfound tough stance' on youth crime, the efficiency of incarcerating youths and children has been severally debated in academic, policy and practice settings, both on national and international scenes. An indication of lack of trust in the incarceration of young offenders as a means of reducing juvenile crime is apparent from the statement of Lord Carlile of Berriew QC, 'Child crime can only be cut effectively if we are courageous enough to recognise the failings of present provision and look for the widest range of non-custodial alternatives'. (quoted in Nacro, 2005).
In the light of the search for alternatives to juvenile incarceration, several researchers and policy makers have made strong and persuasive arguments for the reduction, or sometimes, a complete abolition of incarceration for young offenders. It is in this regard that this paper attempt to address the issue of juvenile incarceration; its appropriateness or, as a tool for containing young offenders and an analysis of alternative measures employed in other territories.
The essay shall begin with an overview of British history of youth incarceration, taking a look at the policy changes over the years, and perhaps, how it has affected the rate of young offenders. This will be followed by a look at the statistics of juvenile imprisonment over the last two decades, in comparison with the rate of re-offenders as a measure of the efficiency of incarceration in curbing young offenders. This part of the essay will end with a look at the several 'new' alternatives to incarceration been proposed or employed within the UK. The second part of the essay shall extensively review the methods and approaches to juvenile justice employed by some countries that have few of their young population in custody and yet a lower juvenile crime rate, with a view to finding viable alternatives to youth incarceration that can be imported into the UK juvenile justice system.
English history is replete with documentation of incarcerating children in specialist institutions of whatever sorts, under several guises and nomenclature. The Vagrancy Act of 1824 was considered as the first piece of formal legislation directed at criminalising criminals and non-criminals alike (Bell and Jones, 2002:25; Goldson 2004:72); still in force today, the legislation was the first to introduce the concept of 'anti-social' behaviour obscuring such core questions of justice, as put by Goldson, "the justification (or not) of formal intervention, and the legitimacy (or otherwise) of the state's power to punish" (Goldson 2004:72).
However, following the establishment of the ...Show more

Summary

In the light of the search for alternatives to juvenile incarceration, several researchers and policy makers have made strong and persuasive arguments for the reduction, or sometimes, a complete abolition of incarceration for young offenders…
Author : funktracy
Youth Incarceration in UK essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Youth Incarceration in UK"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Incarceration
Also the rate of the incarceration of the black males in United States has increased far more than the rates of incarceration of black males in South Africa. The issue of discussion is whether incarceration can be applied for all the crimes and are the nations ready to bear the cost for high rates of incarceration, are very much fundamental in terms of judging the status of myriad sociological intricacies pertaining to crime and punishment.
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Incarceration
In classical Greek mythology, the Furies are a trinity of goddesses who avenge all crime and deviations in society by terrible sentences such as lunacy, harassment and other implacable punishments that lasted a lifetime. The American Furies: Crime, Punishment and Vengeance in the Age of Mass Imprisonment reveals the escalating rates of incarceration in the United States, the fate of those in the penal system, the discrimination within the justice system against minorities and other implications of soaring prison populations.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Youth Unemployment in UK
Name Institution Course Tutor Date Youth Unemployment in UK Youth unemployment is a worldwide economic crisis, especially with the current global economic hardships. A recent report by the Office for National Statistics indicates that the number of jobless youth in the UK hit a record of 1.02 million in the quarter (Pym, 2011: 21).
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Criminology Youth Justice UK
Common resources and opportunities foster social integration, and should be made available always to all members of the society without discrimination. The resources can either be healthcare, education, housing and even employment services (Pierson, 2009).
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Account for the increasing number of children incarcerated in the UK. Is this an effective means to tackle youth offending
On contrary, crime rate has been increased with increase in the number of youth offenders confronting remand, custody, or detention. In specific, this paper will
12 pages (3000 words) Essay
Write a report on the condition of Youth Justice Provision in 2009 (United Kingdom only)
Discrimination promotes oppressive policies and the unequal treatment of youth within the justice system (Dugmore, et.al 2006). It was recently shown that a higher proportion of black and mixed-parentage males are remanded in
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
3.Account for the increasing number of children incarcerated in the UK. Is this an effective means to tackle youth offending
ctive way to control the increasing rate of youth crime but at the same time, in the longer run, it helps neither the youth psychologically nor the administration is benefitted under any circumstances. In the preface to their report, Narco has suggested “…how youth custody
14 pages (3500 words) Essay
Youth Justice in the UK
Youth is the most vulnerable section of the society and hence are more prone to becoming victims of crime. There are many reasons leading to such a situation, that force the youth to fall a prey to the abuse of alcohol and drugs that are the key factor that paves the way of committing various crimes.
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
Evaluate the effectiveness of the YCJA on youth crime rates and incarceration rates
The line of argument by conservatives was that the law appeared soft on criminals and overused the court systems while those in support of the law
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Criminology Youth Justice UK
The resources can either be healthcare, education, housing and even employment services. The reason for blocking these people from accessing such resources is connected to an individual’s educational status, childhood relationships, and social class (Hall and
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation