StudentShare solutions
Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!

Essay example - Youth Incarceration in UK

Only on StudentShare
Pages 14 (3514 words)
In the light of the search for alternatives to juvenile incarceration, several researchers and policy makers have made strong and persuasive arguments for the reduction, or sometimes, a complete abolition of incarceration for young offenders…

Extract of sample

It is argued that the pace of these changes is unprecedented in British history. The enactment, in 1998 of the Crime and Disorder Act, marked a paradigm shift youth justice policy from both the welfare oriented innovations of the 1960s and 1970s, and the diversionary measures of the 1980s.Current statistics of juvenile incarceration shows that England and Wales have the highest imprisonment rates for children and young people in Western Europe, surpassed by Turkey and Ukraine only. The indignation for this rising incarceration for young offenders is succinctly expressed the Prison Reform Trust's assertion that the present statistics of the country's children in incarceration, might 'shame' the country into 'reducing prison numbers and finding more effective solutions to juvenile crime'. As a result of this sharp increase in the number of youths and young persons in custody, as a fall out of the UK's 'newfound tough stance' on youth crime, the efficiency of incarcerating youths and children has been severally debated in academic, policy and practice settings, both on national and international scenes. An indication of lack of trust in the incarceration of young offenders as a means of reducing juvenile crime is apparent from the statement of Lord Carlile of Berriew QC, 'Child crime can only be cut effectively if we are courageous enough to recognise the failings of present provision and look for the widest range of non-custodial alternatives'. ...
Download paper
Not exactly what you need?

Related papers

Welfare Reforms and Mass Incarceration.
The two eras of welfare for single mothers was generally between the years 1935 – 1996. The AFDC took the responsibility for a male wage earning for deserving women. It also had no time limit or even works requirements. No consideration was put forward for any entitlements. Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) is what AFDC reformed to as from 1996 till date. This welfare reform aimed at…
4 pages (1004 words)
What is youth? Youth classification developed in the UK and Europe as a result of construction.
In 1700, the UK and other European countries were still depended on agriculture and child labour was essential in improving the productivity (Bassani, 2008,p 19). In mid 1700s, young people were still working at an early age such as 8 years and girls could be married at the age of 10 years (Swingewood, 2000). There was high infant mortality as almost one third of the children died before the age…
4 pages (1004 words)
Criminology Youth Justice UK
There are many grounds on which a person or a group can be socially excluded including individual’s educational status, childhood relationships, social class and even age (Agulnik, 2002). Social exclusion concept applies to the minority members of the community such a, the youth, people with disability, and the elderly. Social exclusion of the youth is one of the major examples of social…
5 pages (1255 words)
Youth Image
Another is smoking a cigarette, which probably contains some sort of narcotics. The third, sitting on a sofa is having a doubt. But his position (between two users of drugs) suggests that most likely he would join his fellows. And the last one, staying near the window, is a newcomer. May be he is there because of pure curiosity, maybe he is going to test drug for the first time, or may be is…
4 pages (1004 words)
Professional Youth Worker Intervention in the UK
A universally accepted definition of a youth is a person aged between 15-24 years (Roche et al., 2004; Xenos & Kabamalan, 1999). It has been argued that the forces of national change tend to converge on a societies youth (Xenos & Kabamalan, 1999). Globalisation has provided the youth of the UK with an unprecedented range of behavioural choices encouraged by a media-culture, whilst social changes…
10 pages (2510 words)
UK Governments Policy Changes
The games appeared to have provided the necessary impetus for the required change in Government policies (The Economic Development, Culture, Sport and Tourism Committee, 2006). These changes in government approach to the youth is arguably evident from the recent proliferation of numerous policies affecting the young population and especially promoting sport and physical activity (Jones and Robert,…
8 pages (2008 words)