Now what is Ideology Ideology is the unifying system of beliefs, attitudes, and values expressed in the superstructure of a culture. It is the body of thought and ideas that guides a society and perpetuates the status quo of the bourgeoisie.
The word Ideology was first conceived by Antonio Destull de Tracy towards the end of eighteenth century to define a 'science of ideas'. The group around him became to be known as Ideologues. The term was later picked up by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels some four decades later. They lampooned their contemporaries like Ludwig Feuerbach etc. in 'Die Duetsch' Ideologies on the ground that the theories of the later are pseudo battles among merely abstract, primarily theoretical based ideas, lacking any influence on the social political scenario. This ideology is equated with religion, Meta physics, moral theory and similar products of pure consciousness.
Today Ideology is considered as organized collection of ideas. An ideology can be thought of as a comprehensive vision, as a way of looking at things (compare Weltanschauung), as in common sense (see Ideology in everyday society) and several philosophical tendencies (see Political ideologies), or a set of ideas proposed by the dominant class of a society to all members of this society. The main purpose behind an ideology is to offer change in society through a normative thought process (what the world ought to be). Ideologies tend to be abstract thoughts applied to reality and thus make this concept unique to politics
Disability as an Ideology
Disability is an ideology because it is what society has made people to believe in. A disability is only seen as disability because society sees someone in a wheel chair as disabled.
Rule 18 of the United Nations Standard Rules on the Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities states, "States should recognize the rights of organizations of persons with disabilities to represent persons with disabilities at national, regional and local levels. States should also recognize the advisory role of organizations of persons with disabilities in decision-making on disability matters."
As we have stated earlier, Ideology is a set of ideas proposed by the dominant class of a society to all members of this society, hence the disability is the set of ideas the society has proposed on the disabled people. In this sense we are talking Disability as an Ideology.
Now what is disability Defining Disability is very difficult. It has multi-dimensional concept with both objective and subjective characteristics. Interpreted as an illness or impairment, Disability can be seen as fixed in an individual's body or mind. Whereas interpreted as a social context, Disability can be seen in terms of the socio-economic, cultural and political disadvantages resulting from an individual's exclusion by the non-disabled society he/she is in. Different stakeholders like persons with disabilities; Social advocacy groups, Medical practitioners, Social workers and the General public all have a different view of disability. And the meaning of Disability has evolved over the years through various perspectives such as a moral perspective, a medical perspective as well as social and human rights