The global demographic transition has caused health and social care services worldwide to address the needs of older people as a priority. Frail older people, who are elderly people with physical or mental impairments, are major users of these services. Attending to their needs in personal, and to those of the entire population of elderly people, is quite a challenge. Proper care is needed in order to make a positive impact on the health and independence of the elderly. However, the situation today is insufficient and does not always comply with the requirements.
Home care for older people in England is often "inflexible, misses opportunities to promote independence and suffers chronic staff shortages", shows a report published by the Commission for Social Care Inspection. The commission has found that services are concentrated on older people with severe needs, and this is why many other older people, who would certainly benefit from home care, do not receive it. Also, the commission's report reveals that some employers attempt to save money on selection and recruitment of home care nurses, and 39% of inspected agencies failed to meet the national minimum standards in this area.
Be that as it may, home care services have improved since in the past years. For instance, three-quarters of providers were found to comply with the minimum national requirements, and inspectors of the commission praised certain aspects of personal care, which were associated with "respectful, caring and helpful attitudes of staff"(Hocking, 2006).
There are different opinions as to the current welfare state of elderly people today and the services provided- some claim it is highly insufficient and others claim it is evolving well, especially after the report of the commission has been released. Either way, the significance of this matter is obvious and tangible.
Generally, the growing number of older persons in our society is well recognized. Less well recognized or understood, however, are the implications of this growth. (Tenhoor, 1985) Welfare programs are developed in order to address the growing problems that the increasing population among the elderly has brought about in the community. Policies and programs were and are developed in order to deal with this problem. From the simplest things such as their daily needs, to their health care, as well as their insurance, the government takes part in every way. As a result, there had been an increasing elderly dependency among the elderly.
In the context of Government Legislation
These issues concerning the various dependency problems of the elderly had been soliciting a great amount from the government. A large part of the national fund goes through the welfare state programs that address the problems that concern the elderly. However, much as the government has been giving too much attention to providing them their needs as they