Child welfare policy started in the 18th century with a focus on providing services for disadvantaged children under religious auspices. Its main goal was to provide minimum physical subsistence to all underprivileged children. It was only a century later that legislation was made to include social and psychological help as part of child welfare policy…
This included free school lunches; medical, dental, and psychiatric services and child guidance clinics in schools; playgrounds; children's courts; special schools for handicapped children; and care in foster families for children of broken homes. Infant and child clinics were often provided by municipalities.(Packman,1968)
In the United States child welfare services are administered through the Administration for Children and Families within the U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services. Some of the legislations passed included the Child Nutrition Act, the Head Start Program, and the Foster Grandparent Program. The International Union for Child Welfare (1920) organized relief for child victims of major international and national disasters. The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF, 1946) targets malnutrition and helps reestablish children's services destroyed in war. Current child welfare concerns include child abuse and child care.
Since then child welfare policy has undergone many changes through trial and error to help children with a sincere effort to do no harm. As a result of which there have been various models that have come into being. The most popular of them happen to be the democratic, liberal and the corporatist model.
The corporatist model is simply a privatized model. ...
Here the state transfers all resources associated with child welfare to private agencies, which assume responsibility for serving all children within the area who need care. These 'lead agencies' as they were called subcontracted for services with community providers. (Armstrong, 2002)
In all these arrangements the agencies were financed by capitation or case rate payments.
The model has problems, but due to the non availability of baseline data, its success could not be documented. However due to its wide acceptance by welfare staff, clients and the local communities the state is privatizing all welfare services in the state. The one program that was successful in its pilot stages namely the Sarasota County project, was largely due to active participation of the local community. This was a clear indication of how a community and not the government was the major stakeholder for child welfare. The other pilots that did fail were in part due to the financial deficits in various counties. One of the most important advantages of this model was an increased percentage of completed investigations and reduction in caseloads. What it required was increased numbers of staff, money and active community participation. (Peacock,1999)
The liberal model is said to be founded on faulty logic as it is embedded in liberal thinking which suggests that
#1: Children in families with higher income seem to do better in life.
#2: Welfare can easily raise family income.
Thus concluding that welfare is good for kids(Hill,1993)
From this logic has sprung a relentless 30-year effort to raise welfare benefits, expand welfare eligibility, create new welfare programs, and increase welfare spending
Together, they become a recipe for a disastrous system of aid which ...
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(“Child Welfare Policies Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words”, n.d.)
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(Child Welfare Policies Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words)
“Child Welfare Policies Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/sociology/280210-child-welfare-policies.
This essay will use the rights-based approach. This is a perspective that puts together the objectives, norms and ideals of the international human rights constitution into the development agendas and processes. This essay argues that, primarily, children continue to be neglected in professional practice and policymaking.
I believe this is one reason some individuals decide to make a career in industries like social services and education. There is nothing more rewarding than helping families in need and watching the efforts pay off when the families’ lives improve. Through media, I have seen and read a number of children service workers who struggle to keep children out of trouble, both in and out of the home.
It is their responsibilities to duly respond to concerns of children, assure them safety and protection of their rights, and provide care for the abused children away from home. This paper focuses on the dual role of the organizations that include both investigation of the family members who are potential threats to their children, and removing the children and placing them in out-of-home care establishments.
In Australia alone, over 31000 cases of alleged child abuse and neglect were reported in Queensland between 2002 and 2003 (CMC, 2004); although aboriginal children and young people comprise only about 4% of the population in New South Wales, they add up to over 29% of children and young people in Out-of-Home-Care (Berlyn, Bromfield and Lamont, 2011).
In the year 2002, daily average of children found to be victims of child abuse and neglect were found to be around 2,454 in number. Another discovery was made that same year that 532,000 children lived in foster homes. This was due to the fact that could not find comfort in their homes.
This discussion and how it is responded to will be the key issue for all concerned over the next few years.
In many areas these current discussions are the most up-to-date effort to come to terms, in a policy and practice sense, with the concern of child abuse.
The need for available child care, individualized insurance for married women or the introduction of widowers' pensions etc. are not only and not necessarily claimed or implemented in order to fight poverty. Their absence, however, is not in accordance with the law and the regulatory framework of the environment.
Child welfare system includes such policies and procedures, which help social workers in dealing with the critical social justice issues. Social justice means that every person living in any part of the world is entitled to same civil and rights and services.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
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