The Disability Rights Commission was incorporated in the year 1999 by parliament under the aegis of the Disability Rights Commission Act 1999 or the DRCA. Some of the objectives of this commission are to prevent discrimination against disabled people and promote equal opportunities for disabled people (The Disability Rights Commission, 2007).
Due to criticism from various quarters regarding the insignificant success achieved by the Disability Discrimination Act 1995, another act, namely the Disability Discrimination Act 2005 was enacted by Parliament. Some of the objectives of this act were to prevent discrimination against disabled people by transport operators, simplify procedures for disabled people who want to rent property and make it mandatory for the public bodies to ensure that disabled people were bestowed with opportunities that were similar to those that were made available to individuals without disabilities (The Disability Discrimination Act (DDA), 2007).
It had been the long established practice to take recourse to the medical model in order to address the problems faced by disabled people. In this model the emphasis is on the physical impairments of the disabled people. This model had been primarily used for the purpose of sanctioning welfare benefits and services to disabled people (Christie & Mensah-Coker, 1999. P. 23).
The medical model is beset with several defects. ...
Another major defect with the medical model is that it concentrates on the disability of an individual and not the extent of the interaction of disabled people with society (Christie & Mensah-Coker, 1999. P. 23).
Some counties like Somerset have made ambitious plans to improve the available services for disabled people. In this context the Somerset County Council has collaborated with Lifeways, Mencap, Mendip Housing and a few other organizations. The expectation is that these endeavours will provide the required competence, experience and innovation to the disabled people with learning disabilities (Sales, 2007).
Another important model that describes the problems of disabled people is the social model. This model defines disability as an externally instituted defect and social constraint and considers impairment to be an abnormality of the body or mind that could become the focus of methodical alienation within society. However, this model is deficient to the extent that some problems faced by disabled people are due to physical impairment. This important aspect of the problems that affect disabled people has been overlooked by the social model (Christie & Mensah-Coker, 1999. P. 23).
The dearth of the disabled person's point of view in discussions involving citizenship is universal (Meekosha & Dowse, 1997. Pp 49 - 72). To achieve equality, disabled people require independence and participation. Societal obstacles rather than the disabling impairment, completely disrupt the disabled person's endeavour to be a full and equal citizen (Definition of civil society, 2004).
The level of health care delivered to disabled people is abysmal. This was established by the DRC report Equal Treatment: Closing the gap. The level of neglect and discrimination being accorded to