The common characteristic of UK media is to reinforce cultural fears of "otherness", the inclusion of criminals into the grou of "outsiders", "them", "deviant" as oosed to "insiders", "us" and "normal".
Drawing on sychological and statistical ersectives, current aer resent analysis of UK national ress, newsaers and broadsheet materials in order to see to what extent the image of crime and criminality is distorted. The reflection of those issues in the media will ultimately influence the image of crime roblem that the ublic has. Besides, the ublic will be influenced by TV, Novels and movies that show criminals as cruel eole and "other" eole. An imortant art of the aer is devoted to the discussion of "moral anics" in the UK contemorary society.
As it was mentioned in the introduction and as Becker (1963) ublished decades ago "the media assists in resenting stereotyes of the criminal and thus eretuates the notion that the criminal is an "outsider' "
sychological view on distinguishing eole into the category of "others' is summed u as "scaegoating" in oular discourse and is exlained through the metahor of the "shadow" - an unconscious art of the ersonality that the conscious ego rejects or ignores (Maruna et al., 2004: 284). Self and shadow coexist in a conflict, struggling in a ersonality between good and evil. Maruna et al resents five following sychological reasons that eole distort the image of crime and criminality in contemorary media:
1. A sense of inferiority or shame at our own insignificance;
2. Sadistic imulses to humiliate others;
3. Guilt over our own role in the creation of the crime roblem;
4. Sublimated jealousy and admiration for the criminal's exloits; and
5. Guilt regarding our own sexual desires.
These fears are oftentimes unconscious and later reinforced into distinguishing eole into the category of "otherness".
Maruna et al.'s third exlanation for ublic unitiveness and further distortion in the media, a collective sense of guilt over ersonal role in the creation of the crime roblem, is reflected in the stigmatization of single mothers, truanting children, welfare reciients, and asylum seekers. Here authors rovide arguments in their articles to exlain society's resonses to situations in life related to fears about economic insecurity and social disintegration. At this stage author's true vision of the situation collide with generally acceted notion of otherness and are then reinforced in media reroducing divisions and inequalities (Minsky, 1998).
Occasionally, such fears may become sublimated into jealousy and admiration for the criminal's exloits, Maruna et al.'s fourth exlanation. This suggestion is also described by Jock Young's (2003) who is saying that "many of the eole who think of themselves as "moral," and who take excetion to the immorality of deviants, actually have a grudging admiration--envy, even--for those seen to be "breaking the rules."" According to Young, if a erson lives by a strict code of conduct that forbids certain leasures and involves the deferring of gratification in certain areas, it is hardly surrising that they will react strongly against those whom they see to be taking "short cuts," by choosing to live off state benefits