Socialization refers to the process of learning one's culture and how to love within it. Socialization provides individuals with resources necessary for acting and participating within their society. For the society, inducting all individuals and members into its social norms, attitudes, values, motives, social roles, language and symbols is the means by which social and cultural continuity are attained. Socialization on one hand prepares the individual for the roles the is to play, providing him with the necessary repertoire of habits., beliefs and values, the appropriate patterns of emotional response and the modes of perception, the requisite skills and knowledge. On the other hand, by communicating the contents of culture from one generation to the other, it provides for its persistence and continuity. Socialization is important in the process of personality formation. Much of the human components are the result of genes, the socialization process can influence particular formation by encouraging specific attitudes and behavior. Socialization practices vary markedly from society to society and the socialization practices are generally similar among people of the same society. People of the same society; with the same culture and of the same community are likely to share core values and perceptions. People generally socialize their children in remarkably similar ways to the way they themselves were socialized by their parents.
Ethnicity comes as a result of a subjective belief on a common descent of similarities of physical type or customs or of both. It may also be as a result of memories of colonization and migration; this belief is important for group formation and it does not matter whether an objective blood relationship exists. Members of an ethnic group on the whole, claim cultural continuities over time - same values, practices and norms. Ethnicity and race are related concepts in that both are usually defined in terms of shared genealogy. Ethnicity often connotes shared cultural, linguistic, behavioral or religious traits. In contrast, race refers to some concentrations, as relative to frequency and distribution, of hereditary particles (genes) and physical characters. These characters appear, fluctuate and often disappear in the course of time by reason of geographic and or cultural isolation. National, religious, geographic, linguistic and cultural groups do not necessarily coincide with racial groups; and the cultural traits of such groups have no demonstrated genetic connection with racial traits. Serious errors of this kind are habitually committed when the term race is used in popular parlance and it would be better when speaking of human races to drop the term 'race' altogether and instead, speak of 'ethnic groups' (Fenton 1999).
Ethnic stratification is a system of classification where in some relatively fixed groups' membership such as race, religion or nationality. It is utilized as a major criterion for assigning social positions. Ethnic stratification is one of many different types of social classification, including classification along socio-economic status, race, gender and so on (Noel 1968). Ethnicity is learnt through socialization. The following forms of socialization.
1. Primary socialization.
This is the process by which people learn the attitudes, values and actions appropriate to individuals as members of a particular culture. For instance, if a child heard their mother express a discriminatory opinion about a minority group,