This is an ideology which explains that, individuals carry culture and the whole society, and that this tends to appear as a reality that surpasses individuals. This sociological perspective helps us look or see things at a certain angle. It also helps us learn how to cope with different behaviours, characters and societal norms because we understand them better from sociology. (K. Thomson 442)
For instance, Durkheim studied the case of suicide in order to help us understand what a sociological perspective is. His argument was that, those who try to commit suicide and succeed, are the dead, and you cannot study it by asking individuals. He also argued that those who attempt it without success do that with an intention of calling for help. From this study, Durkheim helps us understand the acts of those people who do not commit suicide to die, and that they do it purposely with an aim of creating a certain attention to people (Thomson 444)
The idea of sociological perspective is the act of trying to foresee things in a sociological manner or point of view. Having known that sociology involves the study of the society and human nature and how they relate, we therefore tend to justify it from that understanding.
Structural perspective is an ideology which tries to e...
A society is made of individuals, and all that which is around them, each society has its laid down rules of governance, in other words norms, which regulate the behavior and interactions of individuals in the society. They have different expectations from each other in the society, and nobody can therefore go against the norms (Marsh. 3)
The relationship between a society and individuals can be best explained by understanding how structural perspective and interactionist perspectives work:
Social structural factors like social class, status and social psychology, affect personalities in the society. Interaction on the other hand is affected by culture and the structure of the larger society. The two are therefore related to each other. This is why we see that man is born free but always chained. The society chains men because it has to dictate on what men should do. (Marsh 43)
The 'natural' idea of society has been destroyed and the society has become sort of a prison for human beings. This was conducted by Rousseau; a social scientist. This is because the individual society is underpinned because of the common morality they have. The individuals are governed therefore by societal expectation that, when you do something, it affects others in some way, and the society will also be affected.
The basic agencies are; culture and society, and family and community. They work together in one way or the other. For instance, from a sociological view, language is very important in socialization. It carries with it culture and its shared meanings. It is through language that we tend to use the societal reality.
Durkheim said that facts are explained using other social facts in the society, not