The Sociological Perspective

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Writers describe the inevitable processes of modernisation with specific reference to the social class that is serving as the driving forces for that processes - the bourgeoisie. It is argued that constant innovation stimulated by a certain social group destroying all the conservative and stagnant traits of the society cannot be avoided.


For instance, it is argued that transition to free trade, introduction of wage paid labour, globalisation and connection of different regions of the world, denationalisation of production, establishment of world intellectual exchange, urbanisation, political centralization, and the very strive for progress were caused by bourgeoisie.
The main driving forces that lie behind these changes are the technological innovation and the aspiration for ever-increasing economic efficiency. These factors push the society to evolve and to develop new more effective forms.
Interestingly, although The Communist Manifesto was written in 1848, all these principles of social evolution are urgent even now. Authors imply without stating directly that it is the core nature of modernisation to use the fruits of technological progress in order to build new more economically effective form of society.
[The bourgeoisie] compels all nations, on pain of extinction, to adopt the bourgeois mode of production; it compels them to introduce what it calls civilization into their midst, i.e., to become bourgeois themselves. In one word, it creates a world after its own image.
Explanation: The worldwide spread of Western culture and Western way of life is caused the political and economic strength of Western countries. ...
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