A study was conducted to reveal how three Abstinence Only-based programs fared with regards to pre and post program student outlook towards premarital sex. It also aimed to study the effects of such programs on the attitude of 7th and 10th grade students in three school districts in Utah (Olsen, 1991).
Three programs were reviewed for this purpose - the Sex Respect Program and the Teen Aid Program was implemented in suburban districts while the Values and Choices Program was implemented in rural districts.
The results of the study showed that the first hypothesis could be substantiated. There was a general positive change in attitude among respondents towards sex with the Sex Respect Program garnering more positive reaction. The second hypothesis proved to be negative since there was no significant difference between the change in attitude among older respondents and younger respondents. Teenagers of any age generally showed favorable response to the programs (Olsen, 1991).
A study (Marsiglio, 1986) conducted on the impact of school sex education methods on sexual activity, premarital pregnancy, and the use of contraceptives yielded the fact that roughly half of the American population has, in one way or another, taken a sex education course in school. The study also iterates the following.
Sixty percent of women and 52 percent of men now in their 20s took a sex education course by age 19, according to the 1984 National Longitudinal Survey of Work Experience of Youth. Whites are more likely than either blacks or Hispanics to have had a course by that age--57 percent compared with 53 percent and 48 percent, respectively.
The study further uncovered that most Americans have already had their first coitus experience even before having a sex education class.
It also concludes with data that suggest that students who have previously taken sex education classes are somewhat likelier to initiate sexual activity during the ages of 15 and 16. However, among teenagers of the ages 17 and 18, there was no significant difference between sexual activity among those who had previously taken sex education courses and those who did not.
Older sexually active girls have who had previously taken sex education courses were more likely to use contraceptives than those who did not (Marsiglio, 1986).
This method, however, provides evidence that it contributes to a significant increase in awareness regarding sex and contraception among teenagers.
Mass Media (Television, Radio)
It has become increasingly clear that even popular mass media can be a force to educate and inform people regarding sexual matters and issues. This line of