A universally accepted definition of a youth is a person aged between 15-24 years (Roche et al., 2004; Xenos & Kabamalan, 1999). It has been argued that the forces of national change tend to converge on a societies youth (Xenos & Kabamalan, 1999). Globalisation has provided the youth of the UK with an unprecedented range of behavioural choices encouraged by a media-culture, whilst social changes have contributed to them having less community and parental support and guidance, and the need to take on more responsibility in regards to earning a wage (Xenos & Kabamalan, 1999). For the youth worker in England, there is an intense interest in understanding how to reach young people through programs and messages of informed choice (Roche et al., 2004; Xenos & Kabamalan, 1999). The reality is that youth enrolled in school or the workforce can be more readily accessed with programs than those who are not in school or the labor force (Xenos & Kabamalan, 1999). It is engaging the "hidden population" of young people that are often truant from school, and who indulge in criminal activities, that is a serious challenge to professional social workers in the UK (Roche et al., 2004).
In the city of Bradford youth crime, tr...
The area has many housing districts, which are poor, and which share commonalities such as high unemployment, poor health, poor housing, and limited interest in encouraging education (Bradford Vision, 2003). The council, with government assistance, has instigated a vision to lessen the gap between such neighborhoods and the rest of the country (Bradford Vision, 2003). The Action Plan aims to incorporate the skills, experiences, creativity and knowledge of the people living within the community - and this includes the youth! (Bradford Division, 2003). In line with national government goals, Bradford intends to instigate and support initiatives that will assist deprived neighborhoods to be more in line with the national average.
Anti-Social Behaviour Act, 2003
The Home Office introduced the Anti-Social Behaviour Act in 2003 (Home Office, 2005). Anti-social behaviour being defined as a variety of behaviours, which may harm people, property, or simply be a nuisance (Whitehead & Stockdale, 2003). It is debated as to whether youth anti-social behaviour, commonly termed youth nuisance, is a policing issue or the responsibility of local government (Whitehead & Stockdale, 2003). Common behaviours include groups or gangs of youths drinking, damaging property and using drugs. One fifth of respondents in a recent government survey answered that they most experienced anti-social behaviour by youths being rude or abusive (Byron, 2001; Whitehead & Stockdale, 2003). However, ironically, young people aged between 16-24 were identified as being the most likely to experience anti-social behviours (Whitehead & Stockdale, 2003).
Part of this act focuses on government efforts to better understand perceptions of social exclusion amongst the youths of